9th of April Park (Tbilisi, Georgia) / 9 აპრილის პარკი
The April 9 tragedy (also known as Tbilisi Massacre, Tbilisi tragedy) refers to the events in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, on April 9, 1989, when an anti-Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 20 deaths and hundreds of injuries. April 9 is now remembered as the Day of National Unity (Georgian: ეროვნული ერთიანობის დღე erovnuli ertianobis dghe), an annual public holiday.
The April 9 tragedy radicalised Georgian opposition to Soviet power. A few months later, a session of the Supreme Council of Georgian SSR, held on November 17–18, 1989, officially condemned the occupation and annexation of Democratic Republic of Georgia by Soviet Russia in 1921.
The events of April 9 also gave rise to the so-called 'Tbilisi Syndrome'. This syndrome was characterized by the a reluctance of military officers and soldiers to take any tactical decisions or even obey orders without a clear trail of responsibility to a higher authority. It arose because of the Soviet leaderships refusal to take responsibility for the orders to clear the square and the commission report's and Shevardnadze's criticism of the military in general. 'Tbilisi Syndrome' continued to spread in the coming years, especially following event in Baku and Vilnius, and contributed in 1991 to the refusal of soldiers to prevent demonstrations during the August 1991 putsch.
On March 31, 1991, Georgians voted overwhelmingly in favor of independence from the Soviet Union in a referendum. With a 90.5% turnout, approximately 99% voted in favor of independence. On April 9, the second anniversary of the tragedy, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia proclaimed Georgian sovereignty and independence from the Soviet Union.
A memorial to the victims of the tragedy was opened at the location of the crackdown on Rustaveli Avenue on November 23, 2004.
Tbilisi massacre on April 9th, 1989
The April 9 tragedy (also known as Tbilisi massacre or Tbilisi tragedy) refers to the events in Tbilisi, Georgia. On April 9, 1989, an anty- Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army. The stampede following the attack resulted in the death of 19 people, among them 17 women. Autopsies conducted on the victims concluded the direct cause of death of all those who died, with the exception of one case of serious skull and brain injury, was suffocation (asphyxia) caused by both the compression of the body and the inhalation of chemical substances. April 9 is now remembered as the Day of National Unity. In this time I have been working for a TV reporter for the Russian Channel ( Ostankino) and covered the tragedy with my cameraman Georgi Bazadze.
Meeting in Georgia, 9th April 2009 - Meeting Begans with march
25 years after April 9 1989 tragedy in Tbilisi
9 april 2014 - Today is the date which marks the 25th anniversary of the Tbilisi Massacre in Tbilisi, Georgia
Ordinary citizens gathered at central Rustaveli Avenue laying wreaths at the memorial from the night of April 8. Family members of those, who died on April 9, were also present. Georgia's President Giorgi Margvelashvili laid a wreath at April 9 Memorial at Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi.
MPs paid tribute to the victims late last night by laying wreaths at the memorial and expressed condolence to family members of the victims.
Irakli Shikhiashvili, Chairman of Sakrebulo (City Assembly) and Sakrebulo members brought flowers and lit candles. Church persons and believers performed players.
Representatives of non-parliamentary political parties arrived at April 9 Memorial and recalled the events taking place in Tbilisi 25 years ago.
Members of Georgian Young Constitutionalists' Association organized a live chain and decorated the memorial with flowers symbolically at 4 AM when the anti-Soviet demonstration was violently cracked down.
Several incidents took place at April 9 memorial at Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi last night. A bunch of flowers decorated with a band in Russian flag's colors caused irritation of the gathered citizens. People burnt the band.
[Afterwards it appeared to have been the wreath of the Slovakian representation - being misinterpreted as the Russian]
The situation turned tense once again when Nika Melia, candidate for post of Tbilisi Mayor of the United National Movement (UNM) Party arrived at site. Former political prisoners verbally insulted Melia. The police discharged the tension.
The April 9 tragedy (also known as Tbilisi Massacre) refers to the events in Tbilisi on April 9, 1989, when an anti-Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 21 deaths and hundreds of injuries.
Today marks 22nd anniversary of April 9, 1989 tragedy in Tbilisi
Today marks 22nd anniversary of April 9, 1989 tragedy in Tbilisi
Today is the 22nd anniversary from April 9, 1989 tragedy, which refers to the events in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, when an anti-Soviet demonstration was dispersed by the Soviet Army, resulting in 21 deaths and hundreds of injuries. Thousands of demonstrators were poisoned with unknown gas.
The protests reached their peak on April 4, 1989, when tens of thousands of Georgians gathered before the House of Government at Rustaveli Avenue in Tbilisi. The protesters, led by the Independence Committee (Merab Kostava, Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Giorgi Chanturia, Irakli Bathiashvili, Irakli Tsereteli and others) organized a peaceful demonstration and hunger strikes, demanding restoration of Georgia's independence.
Local soviet authorities lost control over the situation in the capital and were unable to contain the protests. First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party Jumber Patiashvili asked USSR leadership to send troops to restore order and impose curfew.
In the evening of April 8, 1989, Colonel General Igor Rodionov, Commander of the Transcaucasus Military District, ordered his troops to mobilize. Moments before the attack by the Soviet forces, the Patriarch of Georgia Ilia II addressed the demonstrators asking them to leave Rustaveli Avenue and the vicinity of the government building due to the danger which accumulated during the day after appearance of Soviet tanks near the avenue.
The demonstrators refused to disband even after the Patriarch's plea. The local Georgian militsiya (police) units were disarmed just before the operation. On April 9, at 3:45 a.m., Soviet APCs and troops under General Igor Rodionov surrounded the demonstration area.
The stampede following the attack resulted in the death of 19 people, among them 17 women. Autopsy conducted on the victims concluded the direct cause of death of all those who died, with the exception of one case of serious skull and brain injury, was suffocation (asphyxia) caused by both the compression of the body and the inhalation of chemical substances.
On April 9, 199, the Supreme Council declared the date April 9 as Georgia's Independence Day. April 9 is now remembered as the Day of National, an annual public holiday.
Locals gathered last nights at April 9 Memorial paying tribute to those, who died that night as a result of the tragedy. Governmental officials, participants of the demonstration and ordinary people commemorated their death. They lit candles and remembered the development of events back in 1989.
April 9, the Kremlin is planning to overthrow the government of Georgia! WAR
9 აპრილს კრემლი თავისი აგენტურის ძალისხმევით საქართველოში არეულობის და ხელისუფლების დამხობას შეეცდება...
April 9, the Kremlin is planning to overthrow the government of Georgia
2009 წლის 9 აპრილი - ყველაზე ანტიქართული აქცია საქართველოს ისტორიაში - კრემლის ბინძური სცენარი!
ბურჯანაძე, გამყრელიძე, გაჩეჩილაძე და სხვა რუსის აგენტებმა დადეს ახალი ზავი რუს ოკუპანტებთან: ის უბრუნებს მათ ძალაუფებას, გავლენებს, კორუმპირებულ ბიზნესებს და დაკარგულ წილებს, ხოლო სამაგიეროდ მიაქვს სამაჩაბლო და აფხაზეთი სამუდამოდ და იტოვებს ვეტოს უფლებას საქართველოში ხელისუფლების დანიშნვის!
ანუ ეს აქცია მიმართულია არა პრეზიდენ სააკაშვილის წინააღმდეგ, არამედ საქართველოს მთლიანობის წინააღმდეგ!
რუსეთის მთავარი ამოცანაა მიტაცებულის საერთაშორისოდ გაპრავება, ამისთვის სჭირდება პრეზიდენტ სააკაშვილის დამხობა და არეულობა საქართველოში... აი ამ აქციის ნამდვილი დანიშნულება!
ხოლო ყველაზე ანტიქართული იმიტომ არის, რომ საქართველოს ისტორიაში პირველად რუსეთს მიეცა შანსი მოტყუებული ქართული საზოგადოების ნაწილის წაქეზებით, საქართველოზე სერიოზული დარტყმის მიყენება! ამ დღეს კრემლს სჭირდება სისხლი მეტი დრამატულობისთვის, რომელსაც თავისი ხელქვეითების დახმარებით მაქსიმალურად შეეცდება!!!
საქართველოს ხელისუფლებისგან კატეგორიულად მოვითხოვ ამ გეგმის განეიტრალებას!
Representatives of the parliamentary opposition and unparliamentary act with serious allegations against each other. But can not bring the facts and documents to confirm those charges. A member of the parliamentary opposition Gia Tortladze said that the former finance chairman of the parliament of Russia. The members of «democracy movement - united Georgia» categorically deny this accusation and claim that for such a statement of power Tortladze pay 500 GEL - writes the newspaper «Resonance».
«Their statement is similar to a statement Shulaverskogo committee. I did not say that Nino Burjanadze financed from Russia, across Georgia are calls that are received from Russia a lot of money. If he knew how brought the money, said a straight ... The case of security services. I know one thing, that Burjanadze scheduled for April 9, meeting suspiciously coincides with the plans of Russia, which thinks that the 15 th will be in Tbilisi and wrote about it openly. Burdjanadze rents a lot of offices, holds a huge ramp in the palace of sports, she directs the action on 9 April. How and how much it costs to finance the shares, it is well known. Russia strongly interested her. I know that the Russian handed out leaflets in the Gali district (Abkhazia, ed.) - Vote for Burdjanadze. The generals have also asked it », - states Gia Tortladze.
9 aprili - 1989(The April 9 tragedy, 1989, Tbilisi, Georgia)
9 April Tragedy in Tbilisi
რუსთაველის პროსპეკტი / 9 აპრილის პარკი / Тбилиси Проспект Руставели / Парк 9 апреля
Сегодня в Тбилиси +10°.В выходной день прошлись по пр.Руставели,были в парке 9 апреля.
Меня зовут Валентина.Я живу в прекрасном городе Тбилиси.Дорогие друзья,добро пожаловать на мой канал! Я снимаю видео о своей жизни, о путешествиях по уголкам красивой Грузии, готовлю быстрые и простые блюда.
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#Тбилиси #Руставели #Парк #რუსთაველი #9აპრილისპარკი
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Georgia commemorates 22nd anniversary of April 9 tragedy
Georgia commemorates 22nd anniversary of April 9 tragedy
Georgia commemorates 22nd anniversary of the April 9 tragedy, when Russian army commanded by General Rodionov massacred Georgian youth, which were holding demonstrations with the demand of Georgia`s independence in 1989.
Since Saturday morning, citizens have been flocking on Rustaveli Avenue, the main thoroughfare of Tbilisi, where the April 9 events took place.
Representatives of different political parties, political and public figures, MPs have been assembling around the April 9 memorial. People in Rustaveli Avenue said today that 22 years later people should not forget sacrifice of the heroes fallen for Georgia`s independence.
Members of opposition parties also arrived with candles and flowers at the Rustaveli Avenue. Representatives of Public Assembly, Labour Party, Georgian Chamber and Free Democrats said April 9 is the day of historic significance for the country.
People were flocking to Rusraveli Avenue all night long. National Democrats were first, who arrived at the memorial. The party members commemorated people killed on April 9, 1989.
Members of Christian Democratic Party said the tragedy that took place 22 years ago, should be memorized.
Son of Georgia`s first president Zviad Gamsakhurdia, also took part in marking the anniversary.
9 April 1991 Georgia Announced Independence Zviad Gamsakhurdia.flv
Victims of 1989, 9 April violence are on hunger strike
Victims of 1989, 9 April violence are on hunger-strike before the building of Parliament in Tbilisi
Church of the Holy Ghost under construction
The Church of the Holy Ghost
We worked with Mike Patterson & Associates in the construction of this 3,599m2 church consisting of a face brick façade and concrete structure.
Take a look at our video of the church under construction.
+27 (0)31 7660141
+27 (0)82 610 7616
P.O. Box 1012, Kloof, 3640
Unit 1 Scotia Park, Road D819
CHEAPEST GEORGIA TRIP | FILIPINA SRI LANKAN COUPLE
????FROM DUBAI TO GEORGIA! Yiey ❤ ????????
The advantage about being a resident of UAE is getting easy access to several travel destinations in the world. A Filipino passport holder and a Dubai resident can go to Georgia, VISA FREE for up to 90 days (source: Visa HQ). All you need to secure is the validity of your passport and some blank pages and you are good to go.
• Flight Tickets: Air Arabia
• Hotel: Tekla Palace (exactly in the city center) Thumbs up????????
• Currency: Georgian Lari (1 AED = 0.671725 GEL)
The fare from Tbilisi, Airport to our hotel will cost you around 14.00-20.00 lari, but better to ask your hotel to book a taxi to pick you up from the Airport. There will be extra charges but its fine. ( kesa ma- scam like us! HAHAHA)
DAY 1: Explore the capital of Georgia- Tbilisi
Since our hotel is just in the city center, we didn't use any public transport to explore the whole area of Old Tbilisi.
We visited the following:
- Narikala Fortress
- Mother of Georgia
- Statue of Vakhtang Georgasali
- Bridge of Peace
- Cable Car
- Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi (THE BEST!)
- Anchiskhati Basilica
- National Botanical Garden of Georgia
- Metekhi St. Virgin Church
- Saint George's Church, Tbilisi
- SULFUR BATHS
- ETC. (theres a lot of old churches around the area) too many too mention ????✌️
Breakfast- Free from hotel
Lunch- Bread with Sausage (YUMMY!) 1 Lari Only. ????
Dinner- Bread with Sausage (again) and Bread with full of Cheese.
Day 2: We booked a tour package going to Borjomi and Vardzia, Aspindzis Raioni, Georgia from Holidays In Georgia, We spent almost the day on the road because of its a 3-4 hour drive from the main city (Tbilisi). You can see and drink the water from Borjomi, they said that it can heal a lot of diseases. Thrilling adventure to see the beautiful caves in Vardzia. So from a really tiring tour, we arrived in Tbilisi around 8:00pm, we still went out to go and check the Funicular Tbilisi and Mtatsminda Park (we can't see the beauty of the park because its already 12am when we reached there)
Breakfast- Free from the hotel (again) ????
Lunch- Khachapuri and Pork bbq ( Don't know whats the name of the Restaurant)
Dinner- Assorted bread from bakery.
Day 3- Again we booked a tour package going to Ananuri • ანანური and Gudauri, Dushet'Is Raioni, Georgia from Holidays In Georgia. The tour is from 9:00am to 7pm. We spent a lot of time in Gudauri wherein you can try Skiing, Paragliding, ATV's and many more. There's a lot of restaurants also in the area. You can have some booze while enjoying the snow.
For your information:
Paragliding is 250 Lari
Skiing is 40 Lari for the gear and 50 lari for the instructor
ATV is 70 Lari (you can bargain)
The cable car is 10 lari (2-way)
We reached the city by 7pm, we decided to walk around the city again. We discovered a lot of beautiful places in Tbilisi at night like:
- Freedom Square, Tbilisi
- 9th of April park
- Georgian National Museum
- Davit Agmashenebeli Avenue
Breakfast- Free from the Hotel (Sinulit ni ate girl!)
Lunch- Ojakhuri (sana tama spelling ko) From one of the restaurants in Gudauri.
Dinner- Same bread from the bakery along the way.
Day 4- Since its, our last day and we have to be in the airport around 2pm, we woke up early just to see the beautiful park from above the mountain Mtatsminda Park. We had breakfast from the hotel then walk to the park. We have to ride a Funicular Tbilisi, just to reach the park. From the park, we walk again going to the Old Tbilisi to buy some wines and souvenirs.
So ayuuun, pagbalik ng Dubai sakit katawan ni Ate Girl. Sinulit ang apat na araw. HAHA ????
Link of the travel agency:
Thumbs up ???? to this travel agency and to the very kind tour guide (Mr. Oleg)
You can privately ask me for the cost of the whole trip ????
Thank you for reading!
#TravelGoals #DXBTOGEORGIA #WINTERINGEORGIA #Traveladdict #travelblogger #simplebeyond #weekend #Georgia
Check more photos of our GEORGIA TRIP:
Dedaena park Tbilisi
Стасик , Миша и Серёжа :)
Vigil marks Soviet crackdown on independence protesters
(9 Apr 2009)
1. Wide of crowd outside parliament building
2. Close of flag
3. Pan from memorial to victims of clashes with Soviet troops on April 9, 1989, to remembrance service, UPSOUND: singing
4. Mid of people
5. Close up of candles
6. Mid of people with candles
7. SOUNDBITE: (Russian) Tomaz Bibiluri, chairman of April 9th Society:
The events that happened in Georgia (in 1989) are very important because the Soviet Union collapsed - and it began with those events, the root (of the collapse) is the 9th of April.
8. Cutaway of people lighting candles.
9. SOUNDBITE: (Russian) Tomaz Bibiluri, chairman of April 9th Society:
It's a happy day because it's the independence day and the secondly, we commemorate those who died on that tragic day with candles and tears.
10. Close up of wreath with number 20
11. People singing, fists raised
12. People kissing cross
13. Woman with candle
14. Close of candle
Around two hundred people gathered outside Georgia's parliament in central Tbilisi early on Thursday, to remember the victims of April 9, 1989 clashes with Soviet troops.
20 protesters died and hundreds were injured when Soviet troops were called in to disperse a pro-independence demonstration which had gathered near the government building.
On Thursday morning a service was held at a memorial to those who were killed. People laid wreaths and lit candles to mark the 20th anniversary of the event.
Tomaz Bibiluri, chairman of the April 9th Society, said he believed the events of that day were very important, because they marked the beginning of the collapse of the Soviet Union.
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Georgia Commemorates Baku Massacre-Чёрный январь Баку
Georgian Russian-language channel reports on the commemoration of Baku Massacre in Tbilisi
მოუწესრიგებელი 9 აპრილის სკვერი ქობულეთში