Cathedral of St. John the Baptist - Savannah, Georgia Coast, Georgia, United States
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Cathedral Of St. John The Baptist Savannah
The oldest Roman Catholic church in Georgia.
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- Savannah, Georgia Coast, Georgia, United States
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- Cathedral of St. John the Baptist by 9lives from a blog titled Spoiled in Savannah
- Cathedral of St. John The Baptist by Ncraig from a blog titled Great history trip
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist - Savannah, GA
French Catholic émigrés established Savannah’s first parish, called the Congrégation de Saint Jean-Baptiste, shortly before the end of the 18th century. They came to Savannah in the aftermath of an uprising in Haiti. Among them were nobles fleeing the French Revolution that had begun in 1789. The congregation grew through the addition of immigrants, and on May 30, 1799, the Mayor and Aldermen of Savannah passed a resolution reserving half a trust lot on Liberty Square for the congregation’s use. One year later to the day the cornerstone was laid for the small frame church of Saint John the Baptist.
In June 1804, the congregation had begun to experience growing pains and petitioned the city for an extra lot, but since none was then available, the petition was rejected. On August 2, 1811, however, the Mayor and Aldermen of Savannah granted a petition for a larger parcel of land nearby, at Montgomery and Hull Streets; the proposed new church was never built on that property. Rather, the congregation chose a site on Drayton and Perry Streets. All of Georgia became part of the Diocese of Charleston when it was established in 1820, under Bishop John England. In 1835, Bishop England placed the cornerstone of the new church between Perry and McDonough Streets. It was constructed of brick and seated 1,000 people. On April 1, 1839, Bishop England dedicated the Church of Saint John the Baptist. The parish at this time included about one-third of the Catholic population in the state of Georgia.
Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Savannah on July 19, 1850, as had been requested by the Seventh Provincial Council of Baltimore in May 1849. At its creation, the diocese included all of Georgia and most of Florida, with a total Catholic population of 5,500 Catholics. The first bishop of Savannah was the Rt. Rev. Francis X. Gartland. The Church of Saint John the Baptist, then the only Catholic church in Savannah, became the Cathedral. Bishop Gartland enlarged the building with an addition measuring 25 by 60 feet, and repaired the hurricane-damaged roof. He rededicated the Cathedral on June 26, 1853. In 1870, Pope Pius IX appointed the Right Reverend Ignatius Persico as the fourth bishop of Savannah. The diocese now covered just the state of Georgia, and had 20,000 Catholics and 30 churches. Bishop Persico inaugurated plans for building a new Cathedral. He secured the grounds for the planned Cathedral from the Sisters of Mercy, who owned a parcel of land adjacent to Saint Vincent’s Academy on Abercorn Street, running back along Harris Street to Lincoln Street. In exchange for this land, the Sisters received from the diocese a lot of the same size at East Taylor and Lincoln Streets. Bishop Persico resigned the see for reasons of health in 1872. He died a cardinal in 1895. Bishop Persico’s successor, the Right Reverend William H. Gross, C.Ss.R., laid the cornerstone of the new Cathedral on November 19, 1873. The new structure was dedicated to “Our Lady of Perpetual Help,”a name the Cathedral retained for about ten years.
On April 30, 1876, the Most Reverend James Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore, dedicated the new brick Cathedral, which was of French Gothic style with imposing nave and transepts. Bronze-colored iron columns supported triple rows of groined arches. The main altar and four side altars were designed by Baldwin & Price of Baltimore and crafted of white Italian marble. Bishop Gross was transferred and his successor, the Right Reverend Thomas A. Becker, sixth bishop of Savannah, discovered during a pilgrimage to Rome that the Vatican had never formally approved the Cathedral’s change in name; indeed, the Holy See directed that the parish resume the title of Saint John the Baptist with Our Lady of Perpetual Help as a secondary patron. Bishop Becker completed the Cathedral with the building of the spires in 1896. The brick structure was also stuccoed and whitewashed.
On Sunday evening, February 6, 1898, the Cathedral caught fire and was nearly destroyed. Thousands watched as the building burned. Only the outside walls and the two spires remained standing afterwards; the bishop’s residence was spared. While the embers were still smoldering, Bishop Becker declared, “The Cathedral must be rebuilt, and as soon as possible.”
On July 29, 1899, during the work of reconstruction, Bishop Becker died while visiting the Catholic boys’ orphanage in Washington, Georgia. Father Benjamin Keiley was soon appointed the seventh bishop of Savannah. He presided over the first Mass celebrated in the rebuilt Cathedral on December 24, 1899, in the basement chapel. The rebuilt Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist was dedicated on October 28, 1900, by Archbishop Sebastian Martinelli, apostolic delegate to the United States.
Inside the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist | Savannah
I'm not a professional - I'm Just having fun - The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is a Roman Catholic cathedral on Lafayette Square at 222 East Harris Street, Savannah, Georgia, in the United States. It is the Mother Church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Savannah. - 6/30/2018
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Cathedral of St. John the Baptist - Savannah, Georgia
This Gothic style church serves thousands of Catholics in the Savannah area and portrays scenes from the Bible with stunning murals and stained glass. You cant help but be moved by the images, regardless of your beliefs.
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CATHEDRAL OF SAINT JOHN THE BAPTIST, SAVANNAH GA.
First Parish Established
Immigrants fleeing turmoil in Haiti and France established Savannah's first parish, the Congregation de Saint Jean-Baptiste, near the end of the 18th century.
Land Granted; First Cornerstone Laid
To accommodate a growing Catholic population, half a trust lot on Liberty Square was reserved as a building site for the small frame church of Saint John the Baptist.
New Site for the Growing Parish
On August 2, 1811, the Mayor and Aldermen of Savannah granted a petition for a larger parcel of land at Montgomery and Hull Streets; but the congregation instead choose a site on Drayton and Perry Streets.
Bishop of New Diocese Places Cornerstone
The first Bishop of the Diocese of Charleston (1820), which encompassed all of Georgia, was Bishop John England, and he placed the cornerstone of the new brick church. On April 1, 1839, Bishop England dedicated the Church of Saint John the Baptist, which seated 1,000 people.
Diocese of Savannah Erected
Pope Pius IX erected the Diocese of Savannah on July 19, 1850, with the Right Reverend Francis X Gartland as the first bishop. Saint John the Baptist Church (the only Catholic church in Savannah) was repaired following hurricane damage, enlarged and named the Cathedral.
New Cathedral is Planned
The Right Reverend Ignatius Persico, fourth bishop of Savannah, began planning the construction of a new Cathedral. He procured land on Abercorn Street from the Sisters of Mercy, but resigned the see in 1872 due to poor health.
Cornerstone is Laid
The Right Reverend William H. Gross, C.Ss.R., laid the cornerstone of the new Cathedral on November 19, 1873. The new structure was dedicated to Our Lady of Perpetual Help, a name the Cathedral retained for ten years.
Cathedral is Dedicated
On April 30, 1876, the Most Reverand James Roosevelt Bayley, Archbishop of Baltimore, dedicated the new French Gothic style Cathedral, which was suitably soaring and ornate, with four side altars of white Italian marble.
Spires and Stucco are Added
The Right Reverand Thomas A. Becker completed the Cathedral with the building of the spires in 1896. The brick structure was also stuccoed and whitewashed.
Fire Ravages Cathedral
A devastating fire on February 6, 1898, destroyed all of the Cathedral but the outside walls and the two spires. The rebuilding began immediately, and the seventh bishop of Savannah, Benjamin Keiley, celebrated the first mass in the rebuilt Cathedral on December 24, 1899. The rebuilt Cathedral was dedicated October 28, 1900, by the apostolic delegate to the United States, Archbishop Sebastian Martinelli.
Redecoration is Completed
It was another 13 years after the fire before the extensive decoration and artwork of the interior were finished. Savannah artist, Christopher Murphy, led the design and creation of the murals, and the stained glass windows were executed by the Innsbruck Glassmakers of the Austrian Tyrol, circa 1904.
Cathedral is Consecrated
Following the retirement of the church's debt, which was a requirement for consecration at that time, Bishop Keiley was able to preside over the solemn consecration of the Cathedral in 1920.
Renovations Are Accomplished
The Most Reverend Thomas J. McDonough directed a renovation of the Cathedral between 1959 and 1963. Improvements included the entrance plaza and heating, cooling and lighting upgrades. A new decorative scheme was established based on the original color palette, and a new pulpit and altar rail were added.
Spire Repairs and Liturgical Updates
The twelfth bishop of Savannah, the Most Reverend Raymond W. Lessard, closed the church while the decaying timber foundations were replaced with reinforced concrete. Guided by the tenets of the Second Vatican Council, liturgical updates were executed, with the high altar placed for the celebrant to face the congregation.
Restoration for Two Anniversaries
In September 1998, the Most Reverend J. Kevin Boland, the thirteenth bishop of Savannah, commenced a major restoration for the Cathedral. Directed by the Cathedral Rector, Monsignor William O. O'Neill, the exterior project included the replacement of the slate roof. Conrad Schmitt Studios of New Berlin, Wisconsin was commissioned for the restoration of the decorative paint scheme, murals, stained glass and Stations of the Cross. The restoration was completed in November 2000 to honor the 150th anniversary of the diocese and the 100th anniversary of the rededication of the Cathedral.
Saint John The Baptist Cathedral, Savannah, Georgia
Tour of Saint John the Baptist Cathedral led by Docent Mr. John Pryor
Cathedral of St John the Baptist - Savannah, GA
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is a Roman Catholic cathedral on Lafayette Square at 222 East Harris Street, Savannah, Georgia, in the United States. It is the Mother Church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Savannah.
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist Savannah
A look inside the beautiful Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in downtown Savannah, GA. The church is located on Abercorn Street, across from Lafayette Square.
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Visiting the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist | Savannah, GA
Hi Guys! In this video, we visit the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Savannah, GA. Thanks for watching and dont forget to like, comment, share and subscribe to my channel.
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Touring Cathedral of St John the Baptist Savannah, GA
This is a beautiful church located in historic Savannah, GA. It's free to look inside as long as there's no mass going on.
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La Catedral de San Juan Bautista fue construida en 1873. Fue dedicada el 30 de abril de 1876 por el Reverendísimo James Roosevelt Bayley, quien fue el Arzobispo de Baltimore. Las torres se agregaron en 1896. Antes del edificio actual había otras dos iglesias para la congregación de la iglesia.
El 6 de febrero de 1898, la catedral de San Juan Bautista fue casi destruida por un incendio. Savannah ha tenido varios incendios mortales y muy destructivos a lo largo de su historia. Este quemó muchos de los edificios en el área, pero la mayoría de los edificios en Lafayette Square, que es la Plaza en la que se encuentra la Catedral de San Juan Bautista, sobrevivieron. Todo el interior de la catedral se perdió en el incendio. Sólo las paredes exteriores y las dos agujas sobrevivieron al fuego. La catedral necesitaba reparaciones extensas pero sobrevivió.
El interior de la Catedral de San Juan Bautista es uno de los interiores más impresionantes de cualquier edificio en Savannah. Las vidrieras, ejecutadas por los vidrieros de Innsbruck en el Tirol austriaco, se instalaron en la Catedral alrededor de 1904. Christopher Murphy, un artista de aquí en Savannah, dirigió una firma de artistas en la pintura de los murales. Su arduo trabajo y el alcance de sus habilidades están en plena exhibición dentro de la Catedral. Asegúrate de llevar una cámara contigo para fotografiar el interior de la catedral. El Altar es especialmente impresionante.
La Catedral de San Juan Bautista se puede visitar la mayoría de los días, con la excepción de gran parte del domingo. Cuando te acerques a la Catedral, notarás si tienen un letrero en el frente. El letrero generalmente le informará si la Catedral está cerrada para los huéspedes. De lo contrario, diríjase por la puerta del extremo derecho en el frente de la catedral y diríjase al interior.
The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist was built back in 1873. It was dedicated on April 30th 1876, by the Most Reverend James Roosevelt Bayley, who was the Archbishop of Baltimore. The spires were added in 1896. Previous to the current building there were two other churches for the congregation of the church.
On February 6, 1898, the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist was almost destroyed by a fire. Savannah has had a number of deadly and very destructive fires throughout her history. This one burned many of the buildings in the area, but most of the buildings on Lafayette Square, which is the Square the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is on, survived. The entire interior of the Cathedral was lost in the fire. Only the outside walls and the two spires survived the fire. The Cathedral needed extensive repair but survived.
The interior of the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is one of the most impressive interiors of any building in Savannah. The stained glass windows, executed by the Innsbruck Glassmakers in the Austrian Tyrol, were installed in the Cathedral around 1904. Christopher Murphy, an artist from right here in Savannah directed a firm of artists in the painting of the murals. Their hard work and the extent of their abilities are on full display inside of the Cathedral. Make sure you take a camera with you to photograph the inside of the Cathedral. The Altar is especially impressive.
Why the Savannah Cathedral is So Rare in the South
Monsignor William O'Neill offers his personal insights on why Savannah's Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is so rare in the South.
I grew up in Ireland, and I've seen beautiful churches all over Europe. But I think this is one of the most beautiful of all of them. Especially when you consider the fact that the number of Catholics in this part of the U.S. is so small. It's a marvelous testimony to those who built such a beautiful edifice back in 1874...