Get a Haunting Look at Croatia's Abandoned Island Prison | National Geographic
Haunting scenes of an abandoned island prison in Croatia recall a time of political repression.
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The Croatian coast is now a popular tourist destination. But on one island, ruins of a prison recall a bleaker era. Goli Otok was once a detention camp for prisoners of war. People in the region today remember its later function as the gulag of Yugoslavia. Josip Tito, though a Communist, cut ties with the Soviet Union in the late 1940s. Those suspected of siding with Stalin could end up at Goli Otok, where prisoners tortured one another when they weren't performing forced hard labor in a quarry. Goli Otok is Croatian for barren island, but the inmates referred to it as living hell. READ: See the Haunting Ruins of a Prison Once Known as a ‘Living Hell’
Get a Haunting Look at Croatia's Abandoned Island Prison | National Geographic
GOLI OTOK with english subtitles
Original Title: GOLI OTOK
English Title: BARE ISLAND
Format: HD CAM (HDTV)
Year of Production: 2012
Running time: 52 min
Color: Color and b&w
Director: DARKO BAVOLJAK
Screenplay: DARKO BAVOLJAK, PETAR VUJAČIĆ
Director of Photography: DARKO BAVOLJAK
Editor: VIŠNJA SKORIN
Music: STANKO JUZBAŠIĆ
Sound: STANKO JUZBAŠIĆ
Producer: DARKO BAVOLJAK
Production: ART DE FACTO
The documentary ‘Goli otok’ presents the history of the concentration camp built on an island at the Croatian northern seashore bearing the same name, during the clashes between Tito and Stalin from 1949 to 1955. The reconstruction of life at the camp and of the methods of political ‘re-building’ is based on the testimonies of the former prisoner Alfred Pal, while the words of the former general of the UDB (Yugoslavian secret political police) Jovo Kapičić reveal the ‘establishment’s’ view on the logics and the motives that led to the creation of the Camp. This documentary also reveals more than a few non-published documents of the Yugoslav secret services shedding new light on the consequences of the Tito-Stalin skirmish that spelled doom for the condemned ‘enemies of the state – Stalin’s allies’. The work tends to give more than one narrative angle to this problem, and to settle this phenomena in its political, historical and ideological context.
Film Goli otok tematizira logor na istoimenom otoku na Hrvatskom primorju za vrijeme trajanja sukoba Tito-Staljin od 1949.-1955. godine. Rekonstrukcija života u logoru i metoda političkog preodgoja tzv. informbirovaca, temelji se na svjedočanstvu logoraša Alfreda Pala dok riječ generala UDB-e Jove Kapičića daje udbin pogled na logiku i motive stvaranja Golog otoka. Film donosi na svijetlo dana i niz neobjavljenih dokumenata jugoslavenski tajnih službi koja
rasvjetljavaju posljedice sukoba Tito –Staljin po uhapšene informbirovce. Tendencija filma je prikazati Goli otok iz više kutova, i smjestiti ga tadašnji vremenski, politički i ideološki kontekst.
Goli otok, Croatian Alcatraz - Bizzare tourism
Abandoned Croatian Alcatraz
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Eerie footage shows the remnants of Croatia’s abandoned ‘Alcatraz’ prison where inmates were forced to beat one another, described as a ‘Living Hell’.
The horrors of Goli Otok still seem to exude from the hollowed-out core that remains just over two miles off the Croatian coast.
The have cells crumbled and ceilings collapsed, a mere memory of the brutality inflicted at the prison and political re-education facility – dubbed the ‘Croatian Alcatraz’.
The prison that opened in 1949 for a period of time was home to those who supported Joseph Stalin after Yugoslavia had broken away from the country and their ideals.
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Croatian prison islands Sv. Grgur and Goli otok
Short video guide from two day kayak trip on Yugoslavian communist gulag islands Sv. Grgur and Goli otok in northern Adriatic sea (Kvarner bay). Once notorious prison islands today are beautiful islands perfect for sailing and kayaking trips and adventures
Worst prison in world, Goli otok in Croatia.
Walls and the beach on Goli Otok. Famous notoriuos prison in Croatia.
Rab - Goli otok
An 33km paddling tour
Video taken by Professor Panourgia during her research trip to Goli Otok the summer of 2009.
Zeljko Reljic Photography - Goli otok
Goli otok meaning barren island, literally: naked island; Italian: Isola Calva is a barren, uninhabited island that was the site of a political prison in use when Croatia was part of Yugoslavia. The prison was in operation between 1949 and 1989. The island is located in the northern Adriatic Sea just off the coast of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Croatia with an area of approximately 4 square kilometers (1.54 square miles).Despite having long been an occasional grazing ground for local shepherds' flocks, the barren island was apparently never permanently settled other than during the 20th century. Throughout World War I, Austria-Hungary sent Russian prisoners of war from the Eastern Front to Goli otok.
Goli otok seen from the mainland
In 1949, the entire island was officially made into a high-security, top secret prison and labor camp run by the authorities of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, together with the nearby Sveti Grgur island, which held a similar camp for female prisoners. Until 1956, throughout the Informbiro period, it was used to incarcerate political prisoners. These included known and alleged Stalinists, but also other Communist Party of Yugoslavia members or even nonparty citizens accused of exhibiting sympathy or leanings towards the Soviet Union. Many anticommunist (Serbian, Croatian, Macedonian, Albanian and other nationalists etc.) were also incarcerated on Goli otok. Non-political prisoners were also sent to the island to serve out simple criminal sentences] and some of them were sentenced to death. A total of approximately 16,000 political prisoners served there, of which between 400 and 600 died on the island.
The prison inmates were forced to labor (in a stone quarry, pottery and joinery), without regard to the weather conditions: in the summer the temperature would rise as high as 35 to 40 °C (95 to 104 °F), while in the winter they were subjected to the chilling bura wind and freezing temperatures. Inmates were also regularly beaten and humiliated either by guards or, predominantly, by other inmates.] Guards did not kill any inmate but they did not prevent inmates from killing each other either.
After Yugoslavia normalized relations with the Soviet Union, Goli otok prison passed to the provincial jurisdiction of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (as opposed to the Yugoslav federal authorities). Regardless, the prison remained a taboo topic in Yugoslavia. Antonije Isaković wrote the novel Tren (Moment) about the prison in 1979, waiting until after Josip Broz's death in 1980 to release it. The book became an instant bestseller.
The prison was shut down on 30 December 1988] and completely abandoned in 1989. Since then it has been left to ruin. Today it is frequented by the occasional tourist on a boat trip and populated by shepherds from Rab. Former Croatian prisoners are organized into the Association of Former Political Prisoners of Goli otok. In Serbia, they are organized into the Society of Goli otok.
Sleeping on an uninhabited Island with a secret prison (Goli Otok)
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NL and ENG subs !
In this episode we spend a night on the abandoned Alcatraz Island also called Goli Otok.
If you like the location; it's possible to visit it yourself !
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Goli Otok: a Prison on an Abandoned Island
This abandoned island prison remains as a reminder of struggles in the past.
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Goli otok groblje jednog režima
Sea at Goli Otok, Croatia
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Goli otok - prava istina (4000 mrtvih)
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Goli Otok, die nackte Insel liegt zwischen den Inseln Krk und Rab in der Kvarner Bucht / Kroatien.
Goli Otok war bis 1986 eine Gefängnisinsel für politische Häftlinge in Jugoslawien. Heute sind nur noch Ruinen zu finden.
Goli Otok, the naked island between the islands Krk and Rab in the Kvarner Bay / Croatia. Until 1986 it was a prison island for political prisoners of Yugoslavia. Now there are only ruins.