Why is the International Criminal Court under attack? - BBC News
The International Criminal Court (ICC) has come in for strong criticism - most recently from the United States, but also from many African nations.
Tasked with bringing to justice perpetrators of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, it has been accused of political and regional bias, and of failing to achieve convictions in some of its most high profile cases.
Reality Check investigates.
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International Criminal Court hears Kenyan vice-president William Ruto deny orchestrating...
Kenya's vice-president William Ruto has denied orchestrating post-election violence in 2007.
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Kenya's vice-president William Ruto has denied orchestrating post-election violence in 2007.
Ruto, appearing at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, pleaded not guilty to three counts of murder, persecution and forcible transfer of people.
The clashes left 1,200 people dead and forced 600,000 from their homes.
Kenya's president Uhuru Kenyatta: also accused of orchestrating the violence, will go on trial in separate proceedings later this year.
Being tried alongside Ruto is journalist Arap Sang, who faces the same charges. He denies involvement in orchestrating the violence.
The trials are unprecedented and the proceedings will be closely followed, said an ICC monitor.
So this will be the first time that, for instance, the deputy president will be in court saying, 'I understand the charges and I plead not guilty', for instance.
And for Kenya that will be a huge moment because it will be the first time that a senior government official at that level will be in court taking a plea in a criminal case. Never happened before, said Tom Maliti from the ICC monitor Kenya.
In a move termed by critics as the latest effort in a long campaign to counter the court's processes to indict the Kenyan suspects, Kenya's parliament voted on September 5 to quit the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court.
The ICC's first trial of a sitting president is viewed as the biggest test to date for an institution that has faced mounting criticism in Kenya and across Africa, where it is accused of bias as all the suspects to date have been Africans.
Support for the process, which once had broad backing in Kenya, has been eroded since the peaceful vote in March this year that elected Kenyatta: the son of the country's founding leader.
Parliament, dominated by the alliance that brought him to power, voted in favour of telling the government to withdraw from the ICC:
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Full Event - How The Hague Courts and Tribunals Protect Human Rights
For the last twenty years, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) has given a voice to victims as it prosecuted those accused of grave human rights abuses in the Yugoslav conflict. The International Criminal Court (ICC), established just over ten years ago, also plays a vital role in holding violators responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. These anniversaries provide a valuable opportunity to reflect on the past and look to the future of international courts and tribunals and how they promote and protect human rights globally.
On April 4, the Managing Global Order Project at Brookings and the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands hosted a discussion to take stock of the ability of the ICTY, the ICC, and other international and regional justice mechanisms to hold leaders accountable for grave human rights abuses. Panelists included: Fatou Bensouda, prosecutor for the International Criminal Court; Theodor Meron, president of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and its successor the United Nations Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals; and Ambassador Stephen Rapp, ambassador-at-large for War Crimes Issues at the U.S. Department of State. Senior Fellow Ted Piccone, deputy director of Foreign Policy at Brookings, provided introductory remarks. Abiodun Williams, president of The Hague Institute for Global Justice, moderated the discussion.
For more on this event, see:
ICC - International Criminal Court - Rome Statute 20th anniversary
ICC - International Criminal Court - Rome Statute 20th anniversary
Understanding the International Criminal Court (ICC)
The Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs' held a lecture as part of the UN in the Middle East Research Initiative entitled:
Understanding the International Criminal Court (ICC): Mandate, Scope and Relevance for the Arab Region by Fadi El Abdallah.
Dr. Fadi El Abdallah is currently an Associate Legal Outreach Officer at the International Criminal Court (ICC) based in The Hague, Netherlands. After studying law at the Sagesse University and the Lebanese University, Dr. Fadi El Abdallah obtained his PhD from the University Paris II Panthéon-Assas. Prior to obtaining his position at the ICC, Dr. Abdallah taught at both the Law and International Business Institute (IDAI) in Cairo, Egypt, as well as Paris II within the Paris and Melun Centers. Since taking his position at the ICC in 2008, Dr. Abdallah has committed himself to increasing awareness of the ICCs mandate and its importance to the international community including the Middle East.
War Crimes Criminal: Yekatom charged with crimes against humanity
C.A.R War crimes suspect Alfred Yekatom, appeared for pre-trial at the ICC in the Hague. The Central African Republic war crimes suspect, Alfred Yekatom, is appearing before the International Criminal Court at the Hague. Yakatom surrendered to the ICC on Nov. 17 after the court issued an arrest warrant. He's accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed between 2013 and 2014. TRT World Producer Usman Aliyu Uba explain more about the Pre-trial.
#WarCrimes #AlfredYekatom #CAR
Freed ICC staff arrive in the Netherlands
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Four ICC staffers who were detained in Libya have arrived back at The Hague. They were released by Libyan authorities on Monday as part of a deal brokered by Italy.
The team had been living under house arrest for nearly a month after they were accused of passing sensitive informaiton to Saif al-Islam Gaddafi in prison.
Al Jazeera's Paul Brennan was there when they were handed over.
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The Power (and Powerlessness) of the International Criminal Court | Global 3000
How crucial is it that a heinous crime be investigated on an international level? The International Criminal Court,or ICC for short,is tasked with tracking down systematic human rights violations. Independently -- and around the world.The first ICC trial began in February 2009. The accused: Thomas Lubanga Dyilo. How are chief prosecutor Ocampo and his staff approaching the case,and how are they gathering evidence? And just how powerful is the International Criminal Court? In the al-Bashir case,the court's authority appears to be quite limited. Despite the arrest warrant issued against him,the Sudanese president is still free to roam the African continent. But chief prosecutor Ocampo has no doubt that al-Bashir will one day stand trial in the Hague.
International Criminal Court acts on UN referral to probe Libya violence
The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) said today he is investigating alleged crimes against humanity committed in Libya, including by President Muammar Al-Qadhafi and members of his inner circle, following a request from the United Nations Security Council to probe the violent crackdown on protesters.
There will be no impunity in Libya, Luis Moreno-Ocampo told a news briefing in The Hague, where the Court is based. No one has authority to attack and massacre civilians.
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International Criminal Court: ICC starts hearing evidence in Ntaganda trial
The International Criminal Court hears Congolese warlord Bosco Ntaganda, known as The Terminator, to decide whether he should stand trial for murder, rape, sexual slavery and using child soldiers.
Duplex with Géraldine Mattioli-Zeltner, advocacy director in The Hague, Netherlands.
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The International Criminal Court
Videographic on the International Criminal Court. VIDEOGRAPHICS
International Criminal Tribunals (Panel Discussion)
A panel discussion, The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunals in National and International Systems, held on May 25, 2009, in The Hague, Netherlands. The panel was moderated by Lloyd Axworthy (President, University of Winnipeg; Former Foreign Minister, Canada) and featured Thomas Buergenthal (Judge, International Court of Justice), Antonio Cassese (Professor of International Law, University of Florence), Hassan Jallow (Chief Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda), Karina Moskalenko (Executive Director, Center for the Promotion for International Defense), Navanethem Pillay (UN High Commissioner for Human Rights), and David Schwendiman (Deputy Chief Prosecutor, Head, Special Department for War Crimes, Prosecutors Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina), with remarks by Jonathan F. Fanton (President, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation) and Luis Moreno-Ocampo (Prosecutor, International Criminal Court).
For more information on MacArthur's grantmaking in international justice, visit
Welcome and Introduction:
Jonathan F. Fanton
President, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Judge, International Court of Justice
Professor of International Law, University of Florence
Chief Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Executive Director, Center for the Promotion for International Defense
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
Deputy Chief Prosecutor, Head, Special Department for War Crimes,
Prosecutors Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Prosecutor, International Criminal Court
President, University of Winnipeg
Former Foreign Minister, Canada
International Criminal Court Convicts Congolese Warlord
The International Criminal Court in The Hague has convicted former Congolese warlord Germain Katanga of being an accessory to crimes against humanity. But he was cleared of more serious charges relating to atrocities carried out in 2003. Katanga's guilty verdict is just the second conviction in the court's 12-year history.
Dominic Ongwen's trial begins at the International Criminal Court
The trial of former rebel Lords Resistance Army Commander Dominic Ongwen has begun at the International Criminal Court in the Hague, Netherlands. Ongwen is charged with 70 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity including murder, rape and pillaging reportedly committed in diverse places in Acholi sub-region of northern Uganda between 2003 and 2005. He denied all the charges.
Ongwen surrendered in the Central African Republic in December 2014 and was transferred to the ICC in January 2015.
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International Criminal Court acquits Laurent Gbagbo
The International Criminal Court acquits former Ivory Coast president Laurent Gbagbo over a wave of post-electoral violence, in a stunning blow to the war crimes tribunal in The Hague.
Netherlands: Palestinian community slams ICC inaction on 'Israeli crimes'
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A small group from the Palestinian community of the Netherlands rallied outside the International Criminal Court (ICC) headquarters in The Hague on Friday, calling the international institution to action amid a wide range of cases filed against Israeli authorities.
The participants marked the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People, blamed the ICC Chief Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda of refusing to process the cases on what the activists call the 'Israeli crimes'.
Various European activists joined the rally to show their solidarity with Palestinians living on the occupied territories and various victims.
The president of the Euro-Palestine Solidarity Group Olivia Zemor joined protesters and pointed out the lack of action from the ICC saying: There are a lot of very documented evidence against Israeli crimes and I think that she [Attorney General Fatou Bensouda] is not interested because no great powers are asking her to do that.
Video ID: 20191129-061
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Aung San Suu Kyi Represents Myanmar Against Rohingya Genocide Case at UN Criminal Court
▶️ Nobel peace laureate Aung San Suu Kyi is seated at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague which has opened a hearing into accusations of genocide brought against Myanmar over the military's brutal 2017 crackdown against the Rohingya Muslims, Tuesday, December 10.
????The hearings are based on a lawsuit filed last month at the United Nations-sponsored court in The Hague by the small West African nation Gambia, on behalf of the 57-member Organization for Islamic Cooperation. Gambia is accusing Myanmar of violating the 1948 Genocide Convention.
Aung San Suu Kyi is expected to address the court on Wednesday.
More than 700,000 Rohingyas fled across the border into Bangladesh in August 2017 to escape a scorched earth campaign launched by the Myanmar military in response to attacks on security posts by Rohingya militants in western Rakhine state. A U.N. investigation concluded the campaign was carried out with genocidal intent, based on interviews with survivors who gave numerous accounts of massacres, extrajudicial killings, gang rapes and the torching of entire villages.
The Rohingya were excluded from a 1982 citizenship law that bases full legal status through membership in a government-recognized indigenous group. The Myanmar government considers the Rohingya illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, effectively rendering the ethnic group stateless.
Palestinian Authority joins International Criminal Court
The Palestinian Authority has joined the International Criminal Court, vowing to hand over suspects to The Hague - including their own government officials.
In a move deeply opposed by Israel, the Palestinians are becoming the 123rd member of the world's permanent war crimes tribunal.
As the Rome Statute enters into force for the State of Palestine, Palestine acquires all the rights as well as responsibilities that come with being a State Party to the Statute, said Judge Kuniko Ozaki, Seco…
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Ivory Coast's Gbagbo charged with crimes against humanity
Former Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo has been charged on four counts of crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court in The Hague, the court said in a statement on Wednesday.
Gbagbo arrived in the Netherlands early on Wednesday morning after the court issued a warrant for his arrest.
The ICC said Gbagbo is allegedly responsible for crimes such as murder, rape, sexual violence, persecution and other inhumane acts.
Gbagbo has been in custody since he was detained by Ivory Coast forces in April.
International Criminal Court announces investigation into Darfur war crimes
The Hague, Netherlands - 6 June 2005
1. Various exteriors of the International Criminal Court (ICC)
2. ICC sign on building
3. Set up shot of Yves Sorokobi, spokesman for the office of the chief ICC prosecutor
4. SOUNDBITE (English) Yves Sorokobi, spokesman for the office of the chief ICC prosecutor:
The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Mr Luis Moreno-Ocampo, after a period of analysis of a referral that was submitted by the Security Council, has determined that there is a reasonable basis to begin an investigation in Sudan. Today he made a formal announcement of the opening of that investigation.
5. Cutaway document
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Yves Sorokobi, spokesman for the office of the chief ICC prosecutor:
Now we have, for the past 30 minutes, been officially operating investigatively in Darfur. We will be conducting a foreign investigation at the end of which, depending on the results of that investigation, indictments may be issued. That will depend on the result of that investigation, but from now on an investigation will be taking place.
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Yves Sorokobi, spokesman for the office of the chief ICC prosecutor:
The Security Council resolution has asked Sudan to cooperate with the court, and it is our hope that this will materialise.
VNR - Non APTN material
Darfur, Sudan - File
13. Various aerials of tent city for displaced people
Tawilah Town, Darfur, Sudan - File, 17 August 2004
14. Aerial of Tawilah
15. Various of burnt market
16. People showing burnt items
17. More of burnt market
Abu Shuk Camp, Darfur, Sudan - File, 16 August 2004
18. Various aerials of the camp
19. Various people at the camp
The International Criminal Court (ICC) in the Netherlands has formally announced the start of an investigation into alleged war crimes in Sudan's Darfur region.
Prosecutors said in a statement on Monday that their inquiries will be impartial and independent, focusing on the individuals who bear the greatest criminal responsibility.
The court has been analyzing the situation in Darfur since the United Nations referred to it allegations of rape, murder and plunder in April, following a UN Security Council vote.
Dozens of court officials have begun preparing the investigation - the largest and most important yet to be handled by the court since it was established in The Hague in July 2002.
We will be conducting an investigation in Darfur after which, depending on the results of that investigation, an indictment may be issued, said Yves Sorokobi, spokesman for the office of the chief ICC prosecutor.
The Security Council resolution has asked Sudan to cooperate with the court, and it is our hope that this will materialise, Sorokobi said.
Sudan has indicated it will not cooperate with the court, saying it intends to set up its own tribunal to prosecute crimes.
The vast western Sudanese region of Darfur is the scene of one of the world's worst humanitarian crises. An estimated 180,000 people have died - many from hunger and disease - and about two (m) million others have been displaced since the conflict began in February 2003.
Darfur's crisis erupted when rebels took up arms against what they saw as years of state neglect and discrimination against Sudanese of African origin. The government is accused of responding with a counter-insurgency campaign in which the ethnic Arab militia, known as the Janjaweed, have committed widescale abuses against ethnic Africans.
A special UN commission of inquiry on Darfur, which spent several months gathering evidence of war crimes, handed the court its findings, including a list of 51 potential suspects.
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