The Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam, in Afghanistan
The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in a remote and nearly inaccessible region of the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, next to the Hari River. The 62-metre (203 ft) high minaret was built around 1190 entirely of baked bricks and is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an. Since 2002, the minaret has remained on the list of World Heritage in Danger, under serious threat of erosion, and has not been actively being preserved. In 2014, the BBC reported that the tower was in imminent danger of collapse.
Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan
The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River.
Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan - Unravel Travel TV
Standing tall for over 800 years, the Minaret of Jam is one of Afghanistan's most ancient archaeological treasures. Hidden among the mountains of Ghor Province in central Afghanistan, it is virtually inaccessible 100's kilometres of dusty, dangerous, desert highway to reach this iconic monument.
The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River. The 62-metre high minaret, surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in the 1190s, entirely of baked-bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an (the surat Maryam, relating to Mary, the mother of Jesus)
he circular minaret rests on an octagonal base; it had 2 wooden balconies and was topped by a lantern. Its formal presentation has a striking similarity to the minaret built by Masud III in Ghazni, It is thought to have been a direct inspiration for the Qutub Minar in Delhi, which was also built by the Ghurid Dynasty. After the Qutub Minar in Delhi, India, which it inspired, the Minaret of Jam is the second-tallest brick minaret in the world.
The Minaret of Jam belongs to a group of around 60 minarets and towers built between the 11th and the 13th centuries in Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan, ranging from the Kutlug Timur Minaret in Old Urgench (long considered the tallest of these still in existence) to the tower at Ghazni. The minarets are thought to have been built as symbols of Islam's victory, while other towers were simply landmarks or watchtowers.
The archaeological landscape around Jam also includes the ruins of a 'palace', fortifications, a pottery kiln and a Jewish cemetery, and has been suggested to be the remains of the lost city of Turquoise Mountain.
The archaeological site of Jam was successfully nominated as Afghanistan's first World Heritage site in 2002. It was also inscribed in UNESCO's list of World Heritage in Danger, due to the precarious state of preservation of the minaret, and results of looting at the site.
The Minaret of Jam is probably located at the site of the Ghurid Dynasty's summer capital, Firuzkuh (Firuz Koh). During the 12th and 13th century, the Ghurids controlled what is now Afghanistan, but also parts of eastern Iran, Northern India and parts of Pakistan.
The Arabic inscription dating the minaret is unclear - it could read 1193/4 or 1174/5. It could thus commemorate the victory of the Ghurid sultan Ghiyas ud-Din over the Ghaznevids in 1186 in Lahore. However, Ralph Pinder-Wilson, believes the minaret was built for the victory of Mu'izz ad-Din, Ghiyath ud-Din's brother, over Prithviraj Chauhan. The assumption is that the Minaret was attached to the Friday Mosque of Firuzkuh, which the Ghurid chronicler Juzjani states was washed away in a flash-flood, some time before the Mongol sieges. Work at Jam by the Minaret of Jam Archaeological Project, has found evidence of a large courtyard building beside the minaret, and evidence of river sediments on top of the baked-brick paving.
The Ghurid Empire's glory waned after the death of Ghiyath ud-Din in 1202, as it was forced to cede territory to the Khwarezm Empire. Juzjani states that Firuzkuh was destroyed by the Mongols in 1222.
The Minaret was little known outside of Afghanistan until Sir Thomas Holdich reported it in 1886 while working for the Afghan Boundary Commission. It did not come to world attention, however, until 1957 through the work of the French archaeologists André Maricq and Gaston Wiet. Later, Werner Herberg conducted limited surveys around the site in the 1970s, before the Soviet invasion of 1979 once again cut off outside access.
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HISTORICAL PLACES OF AFGHANISTAN IN GOOGLE EARTH PART TWO ( 2/3 )
1. EID GAH MOSQUE,KABUL 34°31'4.05N 69°11'23.99E
2. MINAR OF JAM,SHAHRAK 34°23'46.73N 64°30'57.75E
3. PRESIDENTIAL PALACE 34°31'24.21N 69°10'45.24E
4. NOSHAQ MOUNTAIN (7,690 m - 25,230 ft ) 36°25'44.97N 71°49'20.06E
5. TOMB OF ABDUR RAHMAN KHAN,KABUL 34°31'17.02N 69°10'34.89E
6. SARJ-UL-AIMARAT PALACE,JALALABAD 34°26'4.78N 70°27'6.76E
7. ABDUL RAHMAN MOSQUE,KABUL 34°31'14.92N 69°10'27.35E
8. MILITAIR FORT 36°41'11.22N 69° 7'51.32E
9. KABUL UNIVERSITY-I 34°30'49.46N 69° 7'37.30E
10. BAMIYAN BUDDHA 34°49'51.04N 67°49'9.81E
11. TOMB OF NADIR SHAH,KABUL 34°30'51.24N 69°12'19.95E
12. QALA I JANGI FORTRESS 36°46'6.07N 66°54'5.32E
13. RUINED BUILDING,KABUL 34°28'6.30N 69° 7'4.43E
14. KOLOLA PUSHTA FORT 34°32'22.95N 69° 9'44.59E
15. DARULAMAN PALACE,KABUL 34°27'54.53N 69° 7'9.74E
16. FORT,KABUL 34°32'7.03N 69° 9'23.48E
17. GOVERNOR'S PALACE,HERAT 34°20'58.04N 62°12'59.18E
18. NATIONAL ARCHIVES,KABUL 34°31'28.74N 69°10'3.87E