Kaunas: IX fortas. Ninth Fort (Lithuania)
Devintasis fortas – vienas Kauno tvirtovės fortų pastatytas 1901–1913 m. Nuo 1924 m. fortas buvo naudojamas kaip Kauno miesto sunkiųjų darbų kalėjimas. SSRS okupacijos metais (1940–1941 m.) fortą laikinai naudojo NKVD, politiniams kaliniams laikyti. Vokietijos okupacijos metu fortas buvo naudojamas kaip masinio žmonių naikinimo vieta – nuo 1941 m. spalio mėn. čia vykdytos žudynės. Po Antrojo pasaulinio karo sovietinė valdžia dar kelis metus fortą naudojo kaip kalėjimą. Nuo 1948 m. iki 1958 m. jį naudojo žemės ūkio organizacijos. 1958 m. 9-me forte pradėtas kurti muziejus. 1959 m. gegužės 30 d. atverta pirma ekspozicija. 2002 m. įrašytas į kultūros paminklų sąrašą. Fašizmo aukoms 1984 m. pastatytas paminklas (skulpt. Alfonsas Ambraziūnas, architektai G. Baravykas ir V. Vielius, dailininkas K. Morkūnas). Monumento aukštis sudaro 32 metrus.
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KAUNAS NINTH FORT - HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL
Welcome to our second video and this time we are in Kaunas IX Fort – we explore the tragic history of the fort which has become one of Lithuania’s most visited genocide locations. You will find more information about IX Fort and its history in our video and the links below.
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Dalinamės mūsų antruoju filmu, ir šį karta mes esame Kauno IX forte – viename lankomiausių genocido memorialų Lietuvoje. Daugiau sužinosite apie tragiška šio forto istoriją ir iki šių dienų išlikusius įrodymus apie vieną žiauriausių nusikaltimų žmonijos istorijoje – šiame video ture.
WEST TO EAST: Esame keliautojų porelė iš Lietuvos ir Škotijos. Mėgstame atrasti naujas vietas bei perteikti jas nuotraukomis ir filmuota medžiaga, kuria vėliau dalinamės su mūsų žiūrovais internete. Tikimės jog šitas filmukas jums patiks, todėl prašome palikti savo komentarą su pasiūlymais.
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Kaunas Ninth Fort museum, do not forget history
An important stronghold in Kaunas it is part of the Kaunas fortress, which was constructed in the late 19th century. During the occupation of Kaunas by the Soviet Union it was used as a prison and way station for prisoners, then during the Nazi occupation the fort was used as a place of execution for Jews. It's easy to see why this place is full of history, even it it is a dark part of history it's certainly worth a visit even it it's to remind us of what we as humans are capable of doing. If you are in Kaunas region we suggest a visit, and also try to book the underground guided tour of the defensive wall because you are only allowed access to the underground galleries if you are with a guide from the kaunas ninth fort museum .
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Ninth Fort in Kaunas, Lithuania
The Ninth Fort is a stronghold in the northern part of Šilainiai elderate, Kaunas, Lithuania. It is a part of the Kaunas Fortress, which was constructed in the late 19th century. During the occupation of Kaunas and the rest of Lithuania by the Soviet Union, the fort was used as a prison and way-station for prisoners being transported to labour camps. After the occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany, the fort was used as a place of execution for Jews, captured Soviets, and others.
The Ninth Fort museum contains collections of historical artifacts related both to Soviet atrocities and the Nazi genocide, as well as materials related to the earlier history of Kaunas and Ninth Fort. Most exhibits are labelled in English.
The memorial to the victims of Nazism at the Ninth Fort in Kaunas, Lithuania, was designed by sculptor A. Ambraziunas. Erected in 1984, the monument is 105 feet high. The mass burial place of the victims of the massacres carried out in the fort is a grass field, marked by a simple yet frankly worded memorial written in several languages. It reads, This is the place where Nazis and their assistants killed about 45,000 Jews from Lithuania and other European countries.
On April 11, 2011, the memorial to the victims of Nazism was vandalized — the memorial tombstones were knocked down, and white swastikas were spray-painted on the memorial. On the adjacent sidewalk, the words “Juden raus” were inscribed.
At the end of the 19th century the city of Kaunas was fortified and by 1890 was encircled by eight forts and nine gun batteries. Construction of the Ninth Fort began in 1902 and was completed on the eve of World War I. From 1924 on, the Ninth Fort was used as the Kaunas City prison.
During the years of Soviet occupation, 1940–1941, the Ninth Fort was used by the NKVD to house political prisoners pending transfer to Gulag forced labor camps.
During the years of Nazi occupation, the Ninth Fort was put to use as a place of mass murder. Some 45000 to 50000 Jews, most from Kaunas and largely taken from the Kovno Ghetto, were transported to the Ninth Fort and killed by Nazis with the collaboration of Lithuanians in what became known as the Kaunas massacre.
Notable among the victims was Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman of Baranovitch. In addition, Jews from as far as France, Austria and Germany were brought to Kaunas during the course of Nazi occupation and executed in the Ninth Fort. In 1943, the Germans operated special Jewish squads to dig mass graves and burn the remaining corpses. One squad of 62 people managed to escape the fortress on the eve of 1944. That year, as the Soviets moved in, the Germans liquidated the ghetto and what had by then come to be known as the Fort of Death. The prisoners were dispersed to other camps. After World War II, the Soviets again used the Ninth Fort as a prison for several years. From 1948 to 1958, farm organizations were managed from the Ninth Fort.
In 1958, a museum was established in the Ninth Fort. In 1959, an exhibition was prepared in four cells, telling of the Nazi war crimes carried out in Lithuania. In 1960, the discovery, cataloging, and forensic investigation of local mass murder sites began in an effort to gain knowledge regarding the scope of these crimes.
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Ninth Fort - Kaunas, Lithuania
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Ninth Fort Kaunas
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Travel blogs from Ninth Fort:
- ... In addition, Jews from as far as France, Austria and Germany were brought to Kaunas during the course of Nazi occupation and executed in the Ninth Fort ...
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- Kaunas, Lithuania
Photos in this video:
- The hunt for ninth fort, not here by The-gibbons
- A room at the Ninth Fort by Ilenes1225 from a blog titled Taylor's 16th birthday!!!
- Found it!!! Ninth Fort.. by The-gibbons from a blog titled New day new city.
- The Ninth Fort by Ilenes1225 from a blog titled Taylor's 16th birthday!!!
- Ninth Fort by The-gibbons from a blog titled New day new city.
Ninth fort kaunas Lithuania
Ninth fort kaunas Lithuania
9th Fort Kovno, Kaunus, Lithuania
9th Fort Kovno, Kaunus, Lithuania
Ninth Fort Kaunas | Akropolis Shopping Mall
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Honor View 20
The Ninth Fort Memorial Grounds (Kaunas)
Sunset near the memorial grounds of the Ninth Fort (Kaunas Fortress). Sculptor A. Ambraziunas, architects: G. Baravykas and V. Vielius (1984). The monument is 105 feet (32 m) high. Kaunas, Lithuania.
Saulėlydis Kauno IX forte. Kauno IX forto muziejus, Žemaičių pl. 75, Kaunas, 2017 09 26, 18:27.
The Ninth Fort
Our visit to the Ninth Fort in Kaunas Lithuania in May 2018. I decided to make this a silent video out of respect for the people who lost their lives here. If you find yourself in Kaunas, I reccommend checking this place out.
The Memorial Complex of the Ninth Fort (IV)
ninth fort museum Kovno Kaunus Lithuania
ninth fort museum Kovno, Kaunus, Lithuania
Kaunas IX fort
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9th Fort, Kaunus, Kovno, Lithuania
9th Fort, Kaunus, Kovno, Lithuania
ninth fort Kovno ,Lithuania
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Kaunas Ninth Fort - FPV Freestyle
FPV Freestyle at Kaunas IX Fort Park and Monument
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440. IX Форт, прогулка по Каунасу , часть 1
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הפורט התשיעי קובנה - Ninth Fort.wmv
ביולי 2009 נסעתי למסע חיפוש שורשים בליטא. הסרטון הוא מצבת זיכרון לסבי משה וינר, אבי אמי, שנרצח בפורט התשיעי בפאתי קובנה, בשנת 1941, תחילת מלחמת העולם השנייה.
The 9th Fort of Kaunas Fortress
In the Kaunas 9th Fort courtyard: Barracks at the rear and irin gates. Kaunas Fortress, Lithuania. The Long Night of Museums, 21th of May, 2016.
Kauno IX forto vidinis kiemelis: užnugario kareivinės, geležiniai vartai ir sargybos bokštelis. Muziejų naktis, 2016 05 21, 20:00