Struve Geodetic Arc - UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Struve Geodetic Arc is one of the most unusual UNESCO World Heritage sites that we've visited! It's part of a geographic survey line that stretches 4000km across 10 countries, from the northern tip of Norway to the Black Sea in Ukraine. It's from the early 19th century, when surveyor Wilhelm von Struve was tasked by the Russian Tsar with figuring out the precise size and shape of the earth. And as you'll see - he was very close!
For more Norwegian World Heritage sites:
For more scientific World Heritage sites:
Gorham's Cave Complex:
Messel Pit Fossil Site:
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Struve Geodetic Arc
It is a concept that started in the year 1816 and was carried out by an astronomer by the name of Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve. During the time of Struve’s existence, the distance between two points was measured by measuring poles.
However in order to accomplish the goal that Friedrich von Struve had envisioned - calculating the size of the earth - measuring poles would not be sufficient. To do this a more sophisticated tool would be needed.
Before long the Struve Geodetic Arc was created to do just that. The Struve Arc only ran through two counties, namely Russia and Sweden-Norway. But his surveys, that took place between the years of 1816 and 1855, calculated the very first measurement of a part of the meridian with staggering accuracy. It was the start of topographic mapping and a growing interest in earth sciences. The Struve Arc is a survey triangulation chain which has assisted scientists to map out certain areas and regions of their countries. The Struve Geodetic Arc is currently a joint venture between scientists of various countries who work together in the name of science. Today the Struve Arc survey chain runs through ten countries, namely Norway, Sweden, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Latvia, Belarus, Ukraine, Finland and Estonia, and stretches from Hammerfest (Norway) to the Ukrainian Black Sea.
Tours to Moldova
Tours to Moldova
Arrival. Airport transfer + check-in at the hotel.
Depending on the time of arrival - city tour and excursion to Milestii Mici cellarage with wine tasting.
Breakfast. Trip to Orheiul Vechi
Museum complex Orheiul Vechi is one of the most popular places of interest in Moldova. It is situated in the cliffy ravine of the Raut river, which measures up to 150-200 meters of depth. You’ll see the most beautiful natural landscapes, traditional Moldavian village and peasant holdings, you’ll take a lunch at a farmstead, you’ll get acquainted with the Moldavian cookery.
total walking time en route: 3 hours, locality: varied, 150-200 m.
Breakfast. Trip to Tipova.
Tipova is a landscape conservancy area, where is situated the rock monastery of Tipova – the biggest and, according to some facts, the oldest rock monastery in Moldova and one of the most mysterious places of Moldova.
After lunch and rest at one of the peasant holding on the Nistru riverside, we’ll move on, along the Nistru, and will visit one more rock monastery «The holy trinity «in the village of Saharna.
total walking time en route: about 4 hours, locality: varied, 150 m.
Breakfast. Trip to Soroca.
After excursion to the fortress of Soroca, we’ll go on to the North of Moldova. We will stop for a lunch at a pension, placed in the village of Old Believers, where you will get acquainted with ethnical medium of northern part of the country. After the lunch you’ll admire the hiking over the neighbourhood towards the village of Rudi.
The village of Rudi is included into the list of monuments, which are in the custody of UNESCO, because here is situated one of the geodesy samples – Geodesy Arch of Struve.
total walking time en route: about 4 hours, locality: varied, forest, 100 m.
Breakfast. Trip to Vadul Rascov
Three original Moldavian villages, away from civilization, located at the picturesque bank of Nistru. We will climb the scarp slope and will see the river bend and the amazing valley with chalets bosomed in trees, peacefully grazing horses and a special calm atmosphere of a place away from the urban fuss.
After a picnic on the grass we will go down to the river and will go for a drive to the oldest and the biggest Jewish cemetery, where are remained intact antique grave-stones with ancient writings.
total walking time en route: about 4 hours, locality: varied, forest, 200 m.
Breakfast. Trip to Purcari Estate.
Here you’ll find legendary Purcari cellarage, remained flat since 1827 and keeping the part of country’s heritage – famous collection of old wines. Here you can see a subterranean cave, where the wines are kept in French oak casks and obtain the nobility, maturity, flavour, which enslave the hearts by their taste and win the high distinctions at the prestigious world competitions. But at first we will go there, where all of these begin: to the vineyards. We will go for a walk over the vineyards and will see how different grape varieties grow and will hear a story from a wine-maker about the way of creation of elite wines.
After the walk we will have an elaborate lunch ahead of you with wine testing in one of the tasting rooms of the estate or at the summer terrace.