Aleutian Islands, Alaska - natural lanscape and wildlife
The Aleutian Islands are a chain of 14 large volcanic islands and 55 smaller ones belonging to the U.S. state of Alaska.
The islands, with their 57 volcanoes, form the northernmost part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.
The islands comprise five groups (east to west): the Fox Islands, Islands of Four Mountains, Andreanof, Rat Islands, and Near Islands.
Biggest islands are Unimak Island, Unalaska Island, Adak Island. The largest town is Unalska city.
The 126ers - She's Gone
The 126ers - Mama's Whisper
The 126ers - Summer Love
Aleutian Islands , Alaska, USA, travel, flora, fauna, volcanoes, weather,
The climate of the islands is oceanic, with moderate and fairly uniform temperatures and heavy rainfall. Fogs are almost constant. Summer weather is much cooler than Southeast Alaska (around Sitka), but the winter temperature of the islands and of the Alaska Panhandle is very nearly the same. During the winter the islands are the center for the semi-permanent low-pressure area called the Aleutian low.
Cape Promontory, Cape Lutkes on Unimak Island in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska.
the islands, such as Adak and Amaknak, there are a few coniferous trees growing, remnants of the Russian period. While tall trees grow in many cold climates, Aleutian conifers — some estimated to be two hundred years old — rarely reach a height of even 10 feet (3 m), and many of them are still less than 5 feet (1.5 m) tall. This is because the islands, much like the Falklands and other islands of similar latitudes, experience such strong winds that taller trees are vulnerable to snapping off.
Instead of trees, the islands are covered with a luxuriant, dense growth of herbage and shrubs, including crowberry, bluejoint, grasses, sedges, and many flowering plants. There are areas of peat bog near the coasts. Endemic plants include the endangered Aleutian shield fern.
The Aleutians are home to many large colonies of seabirds. Buldir Island has 21 breeding seabird species, including the Bering Sea-endemic red-legged kittiwake. Large seabird colonies are also present at Kiska, Gareloi, Semisopochnoi, Bogoslof, and others. The islands are also frequented by vagrant Asiatic birds, including the common rosefinch, Siberian rubythroat, bluethroat, lanceolated warbler, and the first North American record of the intermediate egret.
The habitats of the Aleutians are largely unspoiled, but wildlife is affected by competition from introduced species such as cattle, caribou, and foxes. Radioactivity is still present in the environment following nuclear weapon testing on Amchitka in 1971. Nearly all of the Aleutians are protected as part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge and the Aleutian Islands Wilderness.
Observations have identified sea otters as a keystone species along the coasts of many of the Aleutian Islands. Their presence encourages the growth of kelp forests, as the otters control sea urchin populations (as large populations of sea urchins can create urchin barrens by clearing away kelp stands).
On the less mountainous islands, the raising of sheep and reindeer was once believed to be practicable. There are bison on islands near Sand Point. Sheep raising seems to have died off with the advent of synthetic fibers, which lowered the value of wool. During the 1980s, there were some llama being raised on Unalaska. The current economy is primarily based on fishing, and the presence of U.S. military. The only crop is potato. Chickens are raised in barns under protection from the cold.
In addition to a partial air service and a ferry service, the Alaska Marine Highway passes through many of the U.S. islands.
The native people refer to themselves as Unangan, and are now generally known by most non-natives as the Aleut. The Aleut language is one of the two main branches of the Eskimo–Aleut language family. This family is not known to be related to any others. The 2000 U.S. Census recorded a population of 8,162 on the islands, of whom 4,283 were living in the main settlement of Unalaska.
Because of the location of the islands, stretching like a broken bridge from Asia to America, many anthropologists believe they were a route of the first human occupants of the Americas. The earliest known evidence of human occupation in the Americas is much farther south; the early human sites in Alaska have probably been submerged by rising waters during the current interglacial period. People living in the Aleutian Islands developed fine skills in hunting, fishing, and basketry. Hunters made their weapons and watercraft. The baskets are noted for being finely woven with carefully shredded stalks of beach rye.
Explorers, traders and missionaries arrived from Russia beginning in 1741.
In 1741, the Russian government sent Vitus Bering, a Dane in the service of Russia, and Aleksei Chirikov, a Russian, in the ships Saint Peter and Saint Paul on a voyage of discovery in the Northern Pacific. After the ships were separated by a storm, Chirikov discovered several eastern islands of the Aleutian group, and Bering discovered several of the western islands, finally being wrecked and losing his life on the island of the Komandorskis (Commander Islands) that now bears his name (Bering Island). The survivors of Bering's party reached the Kamchatka Peninsula in a boat constructed from the wreckage of their ship, and reported that the islands were rich in fur-bearing animals.[
The Best Places to Visit in Alaska,USA
The Best Places to Visit in Alaska,USA
It's easy to get overwhelmed by the sheer number of locations and activities in Alaska. So if you need help whittling down your bucket list, consider these 10 Alaska experiences you shouldn't miss and will never forget and tell me what Alaskan experience has moved you?
Exploring Unalaska - Dutch Harbor (with 15 min. Bonus Segment at End)
-More stamps are provided, with additional information, further down-
1. 1:15 General scenery
2. 4:45 Carl E. Moses harbor/“Deadliest Catch”
3. 6:36 Holy Ascension of Our Lord Cathedral (Russian Orthodox) and
7:23 Sitka Spruce Park (National Historic Landmark)
4. 7:49 City of Unalaska Memorial Park
5. 10:17 WWII-related sites and interests
16:07 Unangan Memorial
6. 17:40 Ending/Departure
8. 18:41 Bonus segment: inside the Aleutian WorldWarII National Historic Area & Visitor Center (20:00 begin inside)
--Note: We were unable to visit the Museum of the Aleutians due to administrative issues.
We couldn’t see Unalaska’s active Makushin Volcano, due to the cloud cover.
Bobbie Lekanoff – She was indispensable during our time there, with her vast knowledge of flora, fauna, history, and current events. The Extra Mile Tours:
Unalaska-Dutch Harbor website:
Driving guide: [denoted in video and below with an tilde (~)]
The following sections offer info to supplement the time-stamp sections:
4:44 -- “The city’s ‘Daily Vessel Check’ to see if one of the famous vessels are in harbor, and where:
6:36 Cathedral website
The Bishop’s House: “constructed in San Francisco, shipped piece by piece to Unalaska.” Page 12, ~
7:23 About Sitka Spruce Park/Pirate Park/Sitka Spruce Plantation:
page 10, ~
7:49 Unalaska Memorial Park and Cemetery
quoted ~, page 12
9:45 Book about the SS Northwestern
10:16 WW II interest sights, source: ~
10:33, page 10 (Hill 400)
10:49, page 8 (Hill 200)
11:00, page 8 (pillboxes)
12:07 Quoted #: The Unalaska Official 2016 Visitors Guide
13:04, see page 6 (radio station)
13:49, (underground hospital)
14:38, page 8 (dry dock)
14:54, page 5 (torp. shop)
15:24, page 6 (concrete power house)
16:08 Unangax̂ Memorial, Page 10
20:14 The museum:
21:41 The Unangax̂
23:07 Video of upstairs
25:12 Planes and pilots
27:05 Aleutian conditions
27:36 Ft Schwatka
28:18 Diversity tales
28:40 Women in White
29:16 The Aleutian Solution
29:43 to 32:26 Daily life
30:01 Attu Feet
30:10 Aleutian Stare
31:19 “A Woman Behind Every Tree”
31:41 “Time on Their Hands”
32:47 Display cases with found or donated items
32:43 ATTU, 3rd edition (July 1945)
Private Snafu in the Aleutians (animated):
Music used, all from the YouTube library:
1. “Soft,” by Jingle Punks
2. “The Place Inside,” by a silent partner
3. “Parasail,” by a silent partner
4. “Americana – Aspiring,” by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
5. “Prelude No. 6,” by Chris Zabriskie is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
6. “Despair and Triumph,” by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (
Our Alaska: Little Diomede Island
Visit Little Diomede, the one place in Alaska where you really can see Russia from your porch.
ALASKA - USA Travel Guide | Around The World
Alaska is the 49th and largest state in the United States of America. Separated from the rest of the country, (the lower 48), by Canada, Alaska lies on the Arctic Circle. It is still the least densely populated state in the union and for a long time was home to the lowest population. America's final frontier is the size of California, Texas and Montana combined, making it huge in comparison to the rest of the states! Alaska is also home to the highest point in North America and all of the top ten highest mountains in the USA. Across the Bering Strait lies the country of Russia and the continent of Asia.
Panhandle & Inland Passage
Anchorage & Kenai Peninsula
Alaskan Peninsula, Kodiak, the Aleutian Chain & other islands
Barrow, Nome, Kotzebue
Juneau – State capital and third largest city.
Anchorage – Alaska's largest city.
Barrow – Northernmost city in the United States
Deadhorse – Alaska's oil center, the production facilities can only be accessed by tours
Dutch Harbor-Unalaska – Largest community in the Aleutian Islands
Fairbanks – Alaska's second largest city
Homer – Halibut Fishing Capital of the World, Kachemak Bay State Park, Katmai National Park
Ketchikan – Alaska's southernmost city and the first Alaska port for northbound cruise-ship travelers.
Kodiak – The Island Town
Other Destinations :
Cape Krusenstern National Monument – North of the Arctic Circle, Cape Krusenstern National Monument stretches 70 miles along the Chukchi Sea shoreline. Beach ridges provide evidence of 5000 years of human activity.
Denali National Park – Whether climbing or admiring, the crowning jewel of North America’s highest peak is the awe inspiring 20,320-foot Denali - formerly known as Mount McKinley
Gates of the Arctic National Park – Traveling through this vast wilderness you will discover craggy ridges, glacier carved valleys and fragile flowers
Glacier Bay National Park - marine wilderness of Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve includes tidewater glaciers, snow-capped mountain ranges, ocean coastlines, deep fjords, and freshwater rivers and lakes.
Katmai National Park - famous for volcanoes, brown bears, pristine waterways with abundant fish, remote wilderness, and a rugged coastline
Kenai Fjords National Park - a land where the ice age still lingers where glaciers, earthquakes, and ocean storms are the architects.
Upper Kenai River - a great place almost every time of year to catch rainbow trout and salmon, if you know what you're doing so long as the river isn't frozen there are fish for you. Also a great place for roadside bear viewing; just don't get too close!
Kobuk Valley National Park - noted for the Great Kobuk Sand Dunes and caribou migration routes. The park offers backcountry camping, hiking, backpacking, and dog sledding.
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve - The Park was created to protect scenic beauty (volcanoes, glaciers, wild rivers and waterfalls), populations of fish and wildlife, watersheds essential for red salmon, and the traditional lifestyle of local residents. Lake Clark's spectacular scenery provides a true wilderness experience for those who visit.
Skilak Lake - another great place for monster rainbow trout, also one of the most beautiful areas of the state, camping, hiking, boating, fishing, and hunting are all great options for a fun time. Just a great place to spend a quiet weekend with family, friends, or just the fish.
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve - Chugach, Wrangell, and Saint Elias mountain ranges converge here in what is often referred to as the mountain kingdom of North America. It has the continent's largest assemblage of glaciers and greatest collection of peaks above 16,000 feet.
Yukon - Charley Rivers National Preserve - along the Canadian border in central Alaska
There are many things to do when traveling to Alaska. If you are the adventurous type then Alaska will be a great place to go. You can go hiking, biking, kayaking, fishing, and expeditions to see the wildlife of Alaska like wolves, whales, moose, and bears. There are also month-long expeditions to the top of Denali.
A journey on the Dalton Highway provides a very unique experience. The highway crosses mountains and tundra, the Arctic Circle, and 414 miles of pristine wilderness.
Stay up late to see the midnight sun, it's fascinating to watch in the summer when daytime seems endless.
10 Most Exotic Places in the US
10 Most Exotic Places in the U.S
10. Santa Lucia, Big Sur, California
09. Leavenworth, Washington
08. Aleutian Islands, Alaska
07. Great Sand Dunes, Colorado
06. Palmyra Atoll
05. Culebra, Puerto Rico
04. Key West, Florida
03. Olympic National Park, Washington
02. Frankenmuth, Michigan
01. Saint Augustine, Florida
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Hawaii's Big Island Travel Guide - Must-See Attractions
Hawaii's Big Island, also called the Island of Hawaii, the Big Island or Hawaii Island, which comprises Hawaii County and the Hilo, HI Micropolitan Statistical Area, is an island, county, and Micropolitan Statistical Area located in the U.S. state of Hawaii in the Hawaiian Islands. It is the largest and the southeastern-most of the Hawaiian islands, a chain of volcanic islands in the North Pacific Ocean. With an area of 4,028 square miles (10,430 km2), it is larger than all of the other islands in the archipelago combined and is the largest island in the United States. The island is often referred to as the Big Island to reduce confusion between the island and the state.
The most important places to visit in Hawaii's Big Island are: Akaka Falls State Park, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park , Waipio Valley, Kaunaoa Beach, Hilo Farmers Market, Hapuna Beach State Park, Papakolea Beach and many more.
If you want to save time and money, the most important Hawaii's Big Island travel tip is to compare prices before booking a hotel room or a flight. You can do this for free on a site that searches through hundreds of other travel websites in real time for the best travel deals available.
Mount Cleveland , Cleveland Volcano eruption , Fox Islands of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska
Mount Cleveland , Cleveland Volcano eruption , Fox Islands of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska
Mount Cleveland (also known as Cleveland Volcano) is a nearly symmetrical stratovolcano on the western end of Chuginadak Island, which is part of the Islands of Four Mountains just west of Umnak Island in the Fox Islands of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska. Mt. Cleveland is 5,675 ft (1,730 m) high, and one of the most active of the 75 or more volcanoes in the larger Aleutian Arc. Aleutian natives named the island after their fire goddess, Chuginadak, who they believed inhabited the volcano. In 1894 a team from the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey visited the island and gave Mount Cleveland its current name, after then-president Grover Cleveland.
One of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian Arc, Cleveland has erupted at least 22 times in the last 230 years. A VEI 3 eruption in 1944 produced the arc's only known volcanic fatality. Most recently Mount Cleveland has erupted three times in 2009, twice in 2010, once in 2011 and in 2016 and 2017. The volcano's remoteness limits opportunities for its study, and the Alaska Volcano Observatory relies heavily on satellites for monitoring. The volcano is primarily hazardous to aircraft; many of the flights over the north Pacific approach the vicinity of the volcano, and volcanic ash released from eruptions can damage sensitive electronic equipment and sensors.Geology Game | Vulcanian Eruption
geology game, geology, science, geomorphology, volcano, volcanoes, volcanic, Vulcanian Eruption, Vulcanian ,Eruption, feautures of an eruption, stratovolcano, sill, stratum, magma conduit, lava fountain, lava flow, volcanic bombs, lapilli, olcanic ash rain, ash plume, magma chamber, dike ,layers of ash and lavaMount Cleveland is an almost symmetrical andesite stratovolcano in the Islands of Four Mountains, a volcanic group in the Aleutian Arc. Like all stratovolcanoes, Mount Cleveland grew as explosive eruptions, effusive eruptions, and lahars built it layer by layer into a convex shape. It lies southeast of Mount Carlisle and northeast of Herbert Island. Mount Cleveland forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a broad and uneven bell-shaped landmass, and is the highest of the four volcanic islands. The island is completely uninhabited; the nearest settlement is Nikolski on Umnak Island, about 75 km (47 mi) eastward.
Mount Cleveland is 8–8.5 km (5.0–5.3 mi) wide at its base and roughly 29 km3 (7 cu mi) in volume. The volcano's slope increases markedly with height, from 19° at its lower flanks to 35° near its summit. Like many other Aleutian volcanoes, Cleveland's flanks are especially rough up to 300 m (984 ft), covered by multiple overlapping lava flows and debris fans that form an apron around the mountain. Lava flows are always built on top of debris flows as a result of the snow melt caused by the emission of heat just before an eruption. The flows are generally short, under 1 km (0.6 mi), and thin, less than 10 m (33 ft) thick, and are somewhat vegetated. Although Mount Cleveland is the tallest mountain in the group, it is rarely completely snowed in because of its constant activity disrupts snowfall. A lack of e
Alaska, USA 6 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Powered by - The climate in Southeast Alaska is a mid-latitude oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb) in the southern sections and a subarctic oceanic climate (Köppen Cfc) in the northern parts. On an annual basis, Southeast is both the wettest and warmest part of Alaska with milder temperatures in the winter and high precipitation throughout the year. Juneau averages over 50 in (130 cm) of precipitation a year, and Ketchikan averages over 150 in (380 cm). This is also the only region in Alaska in which the average daytime high temperature is above freezing during the winter months.
The climate of Anchorage and south central Alaska is mild by Alaskan standards due to the region's proximity to the seacoast. While the area gets less rain than southeast Alaska, it gets more snow, and days tend to be clearer. On average, Anchorage receives 16 in (41 cm) of precipitation a year, with around 75 in (190 cm) of snow, although there are areas in the south central which receive far more snow. It is a subarctic climate (Köppen: Dfc) due to its brief, cool summers.
The climate of Western Alaska is determined in large part by the Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska. It is a subarctic oceanic climate in the southwest and a continental subarctic climate farther north. The temperature is somewhat moderate considering how far north the area is. This region has a tremendous amount of variety in precipitation. An area stretching from the northern side of the Seward Peninsula to the Kobuk River valley (i. e., the region around Kotzebue Sound) is technically a desert, with portions receiving less than 10 in (25 cm) of precipitation annually. On the other extreme, some locations between Dillingham and Bethel average around 100 in (250 cm) of precipitation.
The climate of the interior of Alaska is subarctic. Some of the highest and lowest temperatures in Alaska occur around the area near Fairbanks. The summers may have temperatures reaching into the 90s °F (the low-to-mid 30s °C), while in the winter, the temperature can fall below −60 °F (−51 °C). Precipitation is sparse in the Interior, often less than 10 in (25 cm) a year, but what precipitation falls in the winter tends to stay the entire winter.