Kaunas old town, Lithuania
Kaunas old town, Lithuania 2001 ( Lietuva ) - Ковно
Kaunas is the second-largest city in Lithuania and has historically been a leading centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life. Kaunas was the biggest city and the centre of a county in Trakai Municipality of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since 1413. In the Russian Empire it was the capital of the Kaunas Governorate from 1843 to 1915. It became the only temporary capital city in Europe during the interwar period.
Before Lithuania regained independence, the city was generally known in English as Kovno, the traditional Slavicized form of its name; the Polish name is Kowno; the Belarusian name is Koўнa, Kowna, Russian name was Ковно Kovno, although Каунас Kaunas has been used since 1940. The Yiddish name is Kovne (קאָװנע), while its names in German include Kaunas and Kauen.
Kaunas Old town, Lithuania
TOP 10 Facts about Lithuania
By the end of the fourteenth century, Lithuania was the largest country in Europe.
190,000 or 91% of the Lithuanian Jews were killed, one of the highest total mortality rates of the holocaust.
On February 4, 1991, Iceland became the first country to recognize Lithuanian independence.
Lithuania joined the United Nations on September 17, 1991.
On May 1, 2004, Lithuania joined the European Union.
Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, 60 municipalities, and 500 administrative areas.
Lithuania has 99 kilometers (61.5 mi) of sandy coastline.
83.6% of the Lithuanian population is ethnic Lithuanians who speak the Lithuanian language.
The historically predominant religion is Roman Catholicism.
The 2007 estimated population was 3,575,439.
The official name of Lithuania is “The Republic of Lithuania”.
Lithuania is situated in Eastern Europe, between Latvia and Russia, and stands bordered by the Baltic Sea, Belarus and Poland.
Lithuania is one of the countries that make up the ‘Baltic States’. However, contrary to what the name suggests, the states do not share political unity.
The official language of Lithuania is Lithuanian. However, you will find majority of the people speaking Russian and English also.
Lithuania is spread over an area of approximately 65,300 sq km (25,212 sq miles) and is about the same size as West Virginia.
The state of Lithuania is an independent, democratic republic and follows Parliamentary democracy.
The currency of Lithuania is Euro and 1 Euro is equal to 100 centas.
Lithuania was the last country in Europe to be converted to Christianity. Before Christianity, the country’s religion was ‘Romuva’.
The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius.
Juozapines Hill (294 m) forms the highest point in Lithuania, while the largest and longest river in the country is Nemunas.
Lithuania had only one king during the royal times, King Mindaugas.
The first publishing house in Lithuania was founded in Vilnius, in 1522, and the first Lithuanian Book was published in 1547.
The mother of Pope John Paul II was of Lithuanian descent.
Lithuania was the first Soviet republic to declare independence from the USSR.
ROKO Apartments, Kaunas, Lithuania - The Right Price
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Located in Kaunas, this apartment is 300 metres from Kaunas State Musical Theatre. Guests benefit from free WiFi and private parking available on site. There is a seating area and a kitchen equipped with a dishwasher. A flat-screen TV is provided.
Location Address: E.Ožeškienės g. 16 - 10,
Map: 54.8998075501892 23.9074049594637
Why Are There Megaphones in This Estonian Forest? | Atlas Obscura
Deep in a forest that’s three hours from Estonia’s capital, is a hidden acoustic wonder: three megaphones clustered together in an art installation known as RUUP. The megaphones act as amplifiers to enhance the sounds of the waving trees and birds singing, and listeners are invited to come to the center of the clearing to experience a unique surround sound effect reflecting the sounds of Estonia’s Võru County forest.
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European Destination of Excellence 2008. 10 Counties of Lithuania. EN.
Ninth Fort in Kaunas, Lithuania
The Ninth Fort is a stronghold in the northern part of Šilainiai elderate, Kaunas, Lithuania. It is a part of the Kaunas Fortress, which was constructed in the late 19th century. During the occupation of Kaunas and the rest of Lithuania by the Soviet Union, the fort was used as a prison and way-station for prisoners being transported to labour camps. After the occupation of Lithuania by Nazi Germany, the fort was used as a place of execution for Jews, captured Soviets, and others.
The Ninth Fort museum contains collections of historical artifacts related both to Soviet atrocities and the Nazi genocide, as well as materials related to the earlier history of Kaunas and Ninth Fort. Most exhibits are labelled in English.
The memorial to the victims of Nazism at the Ninth Fort in Kaunas, Lithuania, was designed by sculptor A. Ambraziunas. Erected in 1984, the monument is 105 feet high. The mass burial place of the victims of the massacres carried out in the fort is a grass field, marked by a simple yet frankly worded memorial written in several languages. It reads, This is the place where Nazis and their assistants killed about 45,000 Jews from Lithuania and other European countries.
On April 11, 2011, the memorial to the victims of Nazism was vandalized — the memorial tombstones were knocked down, and white swastikas were spray-painted on the memorial. On the adjacent sidewalk, the words “Juden raus” were inscribed.
At the end of the 19th century the city of Kaunas was fortified and by 1890 was encircled by eight forts and nine gun batteries. Construction of the Ninth Fort began in 1902 and was completed on the eve of World War I. From 1924 on, the Ninth Fort was used as the Kaunas City prison.
During the years of Soviet occupation, 1940–1941, the Ninth Fort was used by the NKVD to house political prisoners pending transfer to Gulag forced labor camps.
During the years of Nazi occupation, the Ninth Fort was put to use as a place of mass murder. Some 45000 to 50000 Jews, most from Kaunas and largely taken from the Kovno Ghetto, were transported to the Ninth Fort and killed by Nazis with the collaboration of Lithuanians in what became known as the Kaunas massacre.
Notable among the victims was Rabbi Elchonon Wasserman of Baranovitch. In addition, Jews from as far as France, Austria and Germany were brought to Kaunas during the course of Nazi occupation and executed in the Ninth Fort. In 1943, the Germans operated special Jewish squads to dig mass graves and burn the remaining corpses. One squad of 62 people managed to escape the fortress on the eve of 1944. That year, as the Soviets moved in, the Germans liquidated the ghetto and what had by then come to be known as the Fort of Death. The prisoners were dispersed to other camps. After World War II, the Soviets again used the Ninth Fort as a prison for several years. From 1948 to 1958, farm organizations were managed from the Ninth Fort.
In 1958, a museum was established in the Ninth Fort. In 1959, an exhibition was prepared in four cells, telling of the Nazi war crimes carried out in Lithuania. In 1960, the discovery, cataloging, and forensic investigation of local mass murder sites began in an effort to gain knowledge regarding the scope of these crimes.
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Siluvos Karuna, Shidlovo, Lithuania - Cheap Hotel Deals & Rates 2018
Cheap Hotels with Top Ratings Siluvos Karuna
Šiluvos Karūna offers accommodation in Šiluva. Šiauliai is 44 km from the property. Free WiFi is available and free private parking is available on site. Šiluvos Karūna also includes a terrace. Guests can enjoy a meal at the on-site restaurant.
Latitude 55.5308696786932, Longitude ' 23.2251298427582, Continent Europe, County Lithuania, City Shidlovo, Address Bukoto 10A, Šiluvos mstl. Raseinių r.
J & K Cottage, Petrushany, Lithuania - Cheap Hotel Deals & Rates 2018
Lowest price guarantee! J & K Cottage
Located 50 km from Vilnius, J & K Cottage offers accommodation in Čiobiškis. The unit is 49 km from Kaunas. Free WiFi is available . There is a dining area and a kitchenette. Towels and bed linen are provided at J & K Cottage.
Location Address: Liepų g. 15,
Map: 54.9558621382342 24.6661313931093
Baltic See Beach / Lithuania
Baltic See Beach / Lithuania close to Palanga
Baltic counties: Estonia - Tallinn, Latvia - Riga, Jurmala, and Lithuania - Vilnius, Rundаle Palace