Khor Virap - The most popular destinations in Armenia
The Khor Virap is an Armenian monastery located in the Ararat plain in Armenia, near the closed border with Turkey. The monastery was host to a theological seminary and was the residence of Armenian Catholicos.
Khor Virap's notability as a monastery and pilgrimage site is attributed to the fact that Gregory the Illuminator was initially imprisoned here for 13 years by King Tiridates III of Armenia. Saint Gregory subsequently became the king's religious mentor, and they led the proselytizing activity in the country. In the year 301, Armenia was the first country in the world to be declared a Christian nation. A chapel was initially built in 642 at the site of Khor Virap by Nerses III the Builder as a mark of veneration to Saint Gregory. Over the centuries, it was repeatedly rebuilt. In 1662, the larger chapel known as the St. Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) was built around the ruins of the old chapel, the monastery, the refectory and the cells of the monks. Now, regular church services are held in this church. It is one of the most visited pilgrimage sites in Armenia.
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Khor Virap Monastery, Lusarat, Ararat Province, Armenia
Khor Virap is a monastery in Lusarat, Ararat Province, Armenia that is notable as a pilgrimage site due to the fact that Saint Gregory the Illuminator was initially imprisoned here for 14 years by King Tiridates III of Armenia who was eventually converted to Christianity by Saint Gregory. Later on, they led in proselytizing the Armenian people to the Christian faith. This made Armenia in the fourth century as the fist country in the world to be declared a Christian nation.
In the year 301, Armenia was the first country in the world to be declared a Christian nation.
The monastery is also a popular tourist attraction that attracts large crowd, local and foreign, every year.
ARMENIA - Khor Virap, Noravank
The Khor Virap (Armenian: Խոր Վիրապ, meaning deep pit or deep well) is an Armenian Apostolic Church monastery located in the Ararat plain in Armenia, near the border with Turkey, about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Artashat, Ararat Province.The monastery was host to a theological seminary and was the residence of Armenian Catholicos.
Noravank (Armenian: Նորավանք, literally new monastery) is a 13th-century Armenian monastery, located 122 km from Yerevan in a narrow gorge made by the Amaghu River, near the city of Yeghegnadzor, Armenia. The gorge is known for its tall, sheer, brick-red cliffs, directly across from the monastery. The monastery is best known for its two-storey Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) church, which grants access to the second floor by way of a narrow stone-made staircase jutting out from the face of building.
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Mount Ararat:5165 m.
Mount Ararat is a snow-capped and dormant compound volcano in the extreme east of Turkey. It consists of two major volcanic cones: Greater Ararat, the highest peak in Turkey and the Armenian plateau with an elevation of 5,165 m (16,854 ft); and Little Ararat, with an elevation of 3,896 m (12,782 ft). The Ararat massif is about 40 km (25 mi) in diameter.
Despite the scholarly consensus that the mountains of Ararat of the Book of Genesis do not refer to specifically Mt. Ararat, it has been widely accepted in Christianity as the resting place of Noah's Ark. It is the principal national symbol of Armenia and has been considered a sacred mountain by Armenians. It is featured prominently in Armenian literature and art and is an icon for Armenian irredentism. Along with Noah's Ark, it is depicted on the coat of arms of Armenia.The first efforts to reach Ararat's summit were made in the Middle Ages. However, it was not until 1829 when Friedrich Parrot and Khachatur Abovian, accompanied by four others, made the first recorded ascent.
Geography: Mount Ararat is located in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey between the provinces of Ağrı and Iğdır, near the border with Iran, Armenia and Nakhchivan exclave of Azerbaijan, between the Aras and Murat rivers. Its summit is located some 16 km (10 mi) west of the Turkey-Iran border and 32 km (20 mi) south of the Turco-Armenian border. The Ararat plain runs along its northwest to western side.
Elevation: An elevation of 5,165 m (16,946 ft) for Mount Ararat is still given by some authorities. However, a number of other sources, such as public domain and verifiable Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (STRM) data and a 2007 GPS measurement show that the alternatively widespread figure of 5,137 m (16,854 ft) is probably more accurate, and that the current elevation may be even lower due to the melting of its snow-covered ice cap. 5,137 m is also supported by numerous topographic maps.
Political borders: Mount Ararat forms a near-quadripoint between Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran. From the 16th century until 1828 Great Ararat's summit and the northern slopes, along with the eastern slopes of Little Ararat were part of Persia, while the range was part of the Ottoman-Persian border. Following the 1826–28 Russo-Persian War and the Treaty of Turkmenchay, the Persian controlled territory was ceded to the Russian Empire. Little Ararat became the point where the Turkish, Persian, and Russian imperial frontiers converged.The current international boundaries were formed throughout the 20th century. Wikipedia
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Khor Virap. Christianity in Armenia
Armenia is the first Christian nation in the world and adopted Christianity as state religion in 301 A.D
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예레반에서 도시의 랜드마크 역할을 하는 캐스케이드. 캐스케이드는 작은 폭포란 뜻으로 곳곳에 다양한 분수대와 미술조각품들이 사람들의 눈길을 사로잡는다. 그 중에 폐타이어로 만든 거대한 사자상이 있는데 한국조각가가 만들었다고 한다. “이곳이 처음은 아닌데 정말 좋아요. 예레반에서 가장 아름다운 곳이에요.” 높이가 무려 450미터인 캐스케이드는 계단 수가 572개에 달한다. 캐스케이드의 정상에 오르려면 외부 계단으로 오르기도 하지만 내부에 에스컬레이터를 이용하기도 한다. 에스컬레이터 양쪽은 갤러리로 꾸며져 있다. 층층마다 조각품들과 설치미술품들을 볼 수 있다. 캐스케이드의 꼭대기까지 올라가보는데 정상은 아직도 공사 중이다. 1980년 착공 후 두세번 공사가 중단되었다가 성금을 모아서 짓고 있다. 공사 중인 정상 위에는 커다란 기념탑이 우뚝 서있다. “이것은 아르메니아의 소비에트 50주년 기념비예요. 스탈린 억압에 저항하기 위해 만들었어요.” 캐스케이드 정상 옆 언덕 위에 있는 아르메니아의 어머니상. 거대한 칼을 들고 방어하는 아르메니아의 수호자이다. 오래 전 터키 땅이 되어버린 아라라트 산을 굽어보고 있다
[English: Google Translator]
For cascade to the role of city landmarks in Yerevan. Cascade captures a variety of fountains and art carvings attention of people everywhere to mean is a small waterfall. During that there is a huge lion made of waste tires and South Korea have created a sculptor. It's not the first time is really good. Yes it's the most beautiful place in Yerevan a whopping 450 meters in height Cascade has reached the number of 572 stairs. To climb to the top of the cascade even climb the stairs to the outside but also inside Using the escalator. Escalators are both decorated in a gallery. Every dogwood can see sculptures and installation art. Seeing steady climb up to the top of the cascade is still under construction. After two or three times in 1980 starts construction was interrupted by collecting donations to build it. Standing tall on top of a large memorial summit under construction. It's the 50th anniversary of the monument to Soviet Armenia. I've made to resist the Stalinist repression, the cascade of the Armenian mother on the hill next to the top. Armenia is the protector of the defense, holding a huge sword. Turkey has long ago to see the land overlooking the Ararat mountain is lost
[Armenia : Google Translator]
Համար Կասկադի դերի քաղաքի տեսարժան վայրերում, Երեւանում. Կասկադ գրավում մի շարք շատրվանների եւ արվեստի քանդակներ ուշադրությունը մարդկանց ամենուրեք նշանակում է մի փոքր ջրվեժ: Ընթացքում, որ կա մի մեծ առյուծ պատրաստված թափոնների անվադողերի եւ Հարավային Կորեայի ստեղծել են քանդակագործ: «Դա առաջին դեպքը չէ, իսկապես լավ է. Այո, դա շատ գեղեցիկ վայր է Երեւանում «մի whopping 450 մետր բարձրությամբ Կասկադ հասել է մի շարք 572 աստիճանների: Բարձրանալ դեպի վերին Կասկադի նույնիսկ բարձրանալ աստիճաններով դեպի դրսից, այլեւ ներսում Օգտագործելով շարժասանդուղքների. Շարժասանդուղքներ, այնպես էլ զարդարված է պատկերասրահում: Յուրաքանչյուր Dogwood կարող եք տեսնել քանդակներ եւ տեղադրման արվեստը: Տեսնելով կայուն բարձրանալ մինչեւ վերին Կասկադի դեռեւս կառուցման փուլում է: Հետո երկու կամ երեք անգամ, 1980 թ. Սկսվում շինարարության ընդհատվել է հավաքում նվիրատվություններ է կառուցել այն: Կանգնած բարձրահասակ գագաթին մեծ հուշահամալիրի գագաթնաժողովի կառուցվող. «Դա 50-ամյակը հուշարձանի Խորհրդային Հայաստան: Ես արել է դիմակայել ստալինյան ճնշումները », կասկադը հայ մօր վրա բլրի կողքին է վերեւում. Հայաստանը հանդիսանում է պաշտպան պաշտպանության, անցկացման մեծ սուրը. Թուրքիան վաղուց պետք է տեսնել, թե այդ հողը նայող Արարատ լեռան կորել
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Khor Virap Monastery, Lusarat, Ararat Province, Armenia, Eurasia
The Khor Virap is an Armenian Apostolic Church monastery located in the Ararat plain in Armenia, near the border with Turkey, about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Artashat, Ararat Province. The monastery was host to a theological seminary and was the residence of Armenian Catholicos. Khor Virap's notability as a monastery and pilgrimage site is attributed to the fact that Grigor Lusavorich, who later became Saint Gregory the Illuminator, was initially imprisoned here for 13 years by King Tiridates III of Armenia. Saint Gregory subsequently became the king's religious mentor, and they led the proselytizing activity in the country. In the year 301, Armenia was the first country in the world to be declared a Christian nation. A chapel was initially built in 642 AD at the site of Kirat Virap by Nerses III the Builder as a mark of veneration to Saint Gregory. Over the centuries, it was repeatedly rebuilt. In 1662, the larger chapel known as the St. Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God) was built around the ruins of the old chapel, the monastery, the refectory and the cells of the monks. Now, regular Church services are held in this church. It is probably the most visited pilgrimage site in Armenia. The place of imprisonment virap nerk'in came to be known as the Virap or khor (deep), 'virap' meaning the Bottom most pit. Khor Virap is located on a hillock in Pokr Vedi; the village is 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) from the main highway. Yerevan, the capital and largest city of Armenia, is 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the north. It is situated about 100 metres (330 ft) away from the Turkish-Armenian border (sealed by barbed wire fencing) and defended by military establishments that guard the troubled border zone. The monastery is surrounded by green pasture lands and vineyards within the Ararat plain and is in view of Mount Ararat. The Arax (or Arakas) River flows close-by and the monastery is opposite of Aralykh. King Artashes I, founder of the Artashesid dynasty, established his Armenian capital at Artashat (also known as Artaxtisata) around 180 BC. It is believed that Hannibal, the Carthaginian General who was persecuted by Rome, was also instrumental in establishing Artashat. Artashat remained the capital of the dynasty till the reign of King Khosrov III (330--339) when it was moved to Dvin. Subsequently, Artashat was destroyed by the Persian King Shapur II. Artashat is close to the hillock of Khor Virap. Until its chapel was built, Khor Virap was used as royal prison. The Nerses chapel, built in the 5th century around the famous pit, was of white limestone. Though plain in appearance, a monastery was built around a large enclosure that surrounds the ruins of the old chapel. This church has a twelve sided tholobate and dome and is dedicated to S. Astvatsatsin. The altar pulpit is well decorated. Though most Armenian churches have an east-west orientation, placing the altar at the east end, St. Gevorg Chapel is oriented northwest-southeast. The pit where Gregory was imprisoned is southwest of the main church, underneath St. Gevorg Chapel which is a small basilica replete with a semicircular apse. Of the two pits inside the chapel, Grigor's is the farther one, 6 metres (20 ft) deep and 4.4 metres (14 ft) wide. The pit is approached through two unmarked holes. A small chamber, winding stairway, and a ladder lead to a small enclosure in the pit. To the right of the altar in the dungeon is the main room. A long ladder from here descends to a large cell of fairly good size, which was Grigor Lusavorich's prison cell. The climb down the well is to a depth of 60 metres (200 ft). The pit is well lit but the climb down the metal ladder requires sturdy shoes. It is also extremely humid down the pit in the summer months so be cautious and don't bring candles down as this adds to the heat. The 17th century church built around the pit is a simple structure surrounding a large courtyard which looks like a fort complex. Archaeological sites were excavated starting in 1970 in the thirteen hills (maximum height 70 metres (230 ft)) around Khor Virap and up to the valley of the river. Excavations in the hills 1 and 4, and sections of hills 5, 7 and 8 and of the neck of the land between Hills 1 and 2 are in progress. Some archaeological excavations have also been carried out outside the walls of the church at the site of Artashat, the capital of the Tiridat dynasty. In addition to ancient coins and potsherds, excavations have unearthed well preserved mud-brick fortifications on the north slope of the third hill from the northeast. The anniversary of the deliverance of Gregory is also celebrated in the Illuminator's cathedral built in Erivan.
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