Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan - Unravel Travel TV
Standing tall for over 800 years, the Minaret of Jam is one of Afghanistan's most ancient archaeological treasures. Hidden among the mountains of Ghor Province in central Afghanistan, it is virtually inaccessible 100's kilometres of dusty, dangerous, desert highway to reach this iconic monument.
The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River. The 62-metre high minaret, surrounded by mountains that reach up to 2400m, was built in the 1190s, entirely of baked-bricks. It is famous for its intricate brick, stucco and glazed tile decoration, which consists of alternating bands of kufic and naskhi calligraphy, geometric patterns, and verses from the Qur'an (the surat Maryam, relating to Mary, the mother of Jesus)
he circular minaret rests on an octagonal base; it had 2 wooden balconies and was topped by a lantern. Its formal presentation has a striking similarity to the minaret built by Masud III in Ghazni, It is thought to have been a direct inspiration for the Qutub Minar in Delhi, which was also built by the Ghurid Dynasty. After the Qutub Minar in Delhi, India, which it inspired, the Minaret of Jam is the second-tallest brick minaret in the world.
The Minaret of Jam belongs to a group of around 60 minarets and towers built between the 11th and the 13th centuries in Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan, ranging from the Kutlug Timur Minaret in Old Urgench (long considered the tallest of these still in existence) to the tower at Ghazni. The minarets are thought to have been built as symbols of Islam's victory, while other towers were simply landmarks or watchtowers.
The archaeological landscape around Jam also includes the ruins of a 'palace', fortifications, a pottery kiln and a Jewish cemetery, and has been suggested to be the remains of the lost city of Turquoise Mountain.
The archaeological site of Jam was successfully nominated as Afghanistan's first World Heritage site in 2002. It was also inscribed in UNESCO's list of World Heritage in Danger, due to the precarious state of preservation of the minaret, and results of looting at the site.
The Minaret of Jam is probably located at the site of the Ghurid Dynasty's summer capital, Firuzkuh (Firuz Koh). During the 12th and 13th century, the Ghurids controlled what is now Afghanistan, but also parts of eastern Iran, Northern India and parts of Pakistan.
The Arabic inscription dating the minaret is unclear - it could read 1193/4 or 1174/5. It could thus commemorate the victory of the Ghurid sultan Ghiyas ud-Din over the Ghaznevids in 1186 in Lahore. However, Ralph Pinder-Wilson, believes the minaret was built for the victory of Mu'izz ad-Din, Ghiyath ud-Din's brother, over Prithviraj Chauhan. The assumption is that the Minaret was attached to the Friday Mosque of Firuzkuh, which the Ghurid chronicler Juzjani states was washed away in a flash-flood, some time before the Mongol sieges. Work at Jam by the Minaret of Jam Archaeological Project, has found evidence of a large courtyard building beside the minaret, and evidence of river sediments on top of the baked-brick paving.
The Ghurid Empire's glory waned after the death of Ghiyath ud-Din in 1202, as it was forced to cede territory to the Khwarezm Empire. Juzjani states that Firuzkuh was destroyed by the Mongols in 1222.
The Minaret was little known outside of Afghanistan until Sir Thomas Holdich reported it in 1886 while working for the Afghan Boundary Commission. It did not come to world attention, however, until 1957 through the work of the French archaeologists André Maricq and Gaston Wiet. Later, Werner Herberg conducted limited surveys around the site in the 1970s, before the Soviet invasion of 1979 once again cut off outside access.
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The Green North of Iran - Things to do in Alamut, Masuleh & Ramsar (Inside Iran, Episode 05)
One year after my big Iran trip I came back to explore the things to do in the north of Iran and saw a completely different side of the country!
➸ Iran Guide:
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After arriving in Tehran I went straight to one sight I haven’t shown you in my episode from Tehran yet…but it totally belongs on your list: the Tabiat bridge.
My road trip through the north of Iran started on the next day with the goal to introduce you to as many things to do in the north of Iran as possible. For this I was fortunate enough to go with local friends of mine as we needed to drive quite a lot to get to all the places in just one week.
This part of the trip was executed within 1 week - following I list all the places I visited & Things to do in the north of Iran:
- Alamut Castle & Alamut Valley
- Masuleh (Gilan province)
- Ramsar & Caspian Sea
- Bam e Sabz
- Tabiat bridge in Tehran
This video is part of „Inside Iran“ - a documentary series introducing you to popular and unknown sights / things to do in Iran as well as the Persian cuisine and the super friendly locals we met on our trip from Tehran to Isfahan, Shiraz, Yazd and now also the north of Iran. With this series I want to create a better understanding of the country and it’s people without focussing on politics or religion.
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Minaret of Jam, Afghanistan
The Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in western Afghanistan. It is located in the Shahrak District, Ghor Province, by the Hari River.
Aino Mena, the Afghan capital of D o l c e V i t a & H a c i e n d a s - KANDAHAR CITY
Aino Mena in Kandahar 2013
All pictures are authentic material showing only sights from the Kandahar province.
Aino mina, ayno maina, ayno mina, kandahar city, kandahar airport 2016, kandahar university lecture 2016