Carcassonne, France: Europe's Ultimate Fortress City
More info about travel to Carcassonne: The fortress city of Carcassonne is a 13th-century world of towers, turrets, and cobblestone alleys. This is Europe's ultimate walled fortress city.
At you'll find money-saving travel tips, small-group tours, guidebooks, TV shows, radio programs, podcasts, and more on this destination.
Carcassonne, France - Where The Middle Ages Come Alive
The Medieval fortress city of Carcassonne, France offers an extraordinary opportunity to experience what it was like to live in the Middle Ages. The Roman's built a fortress here in 100 BC. The Emperor Charlemagne laid siege to the town as did England's Black Prince during the Hundred Years War. In 1849, the government was prepared to demolish the huge fortress but city leaders and those interested in historic preservation saved it. In 1997, the United Nations declared it a World Heritage Site.
A Walk Around the Cité de Carcassonne (Castle of Carcassonne), France
The Cité de Carcassonne is a medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne, in the department of Aude, Occitanie.. It is located on a hill on the right bank of the River Aude, in the south-east part of the city proper.
Founded during the Gallo-Roman period, the citadel derives its reputation from its 1.9 mi long double surrounding walls interspersed by 52 towers. The town has about 2,500 years of history and has been occupied in different ages by Romans, Visigoths, Saracens, and Crusaders. At the beginning of its history it was a Gaulish settlement then in the 3rd century A.D., the Romans decided to transform it into a fortified town. The Roman defences were in place by 333 AD, when the town is described as a castellum. The original walls were supported by between 34 and 40 towers, spaced from 18 to 30 metres apart along the curtain wall. Each tower was semicircular in plan and about 14 metres tall. There were probably 40 main entrances to the town.
The Gallo-Roman walls were rebuilt during the town's occupation by the Visigoths in the 5th and 6th centuries, but the original structure remained in place.
Bernard Aton IV Trencavel, vicomte of Albi, Nîmes, and Béziers, introduced a period of prosperity for the city with numerous construction projects. During this period, a new sect known as Catharism sprang up in Languedoc. In 1096, the vicomte of Trencavel authorized the construction of the basilica of Saint-Nazaire with the blessing of Pope Urban II. In 1107, the citizens rejected his sovereignty and called on Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona to remove him. However, with the help of Bertrand, Count of Toulouse, Bernard Aton regains control of the Cité. In 1120, there is a second revolt, but Bernard Aton re-establishes order a few years later. In 1130, he starts construction of a palace for himself and restoration of the Gallo-Roman fortifications. The Cité of Carcassonne is surrounded by a complete fortification for the first time..
At this time, the city has a large population of 3 to 4 thousand, including the residents of the two settlements below the walls of the Cité: the bourg Saint-Vincent on the north, and the bourg Saint-Michel south of the Narbon gate.
In 1208, Pope Innocent III calls on the barons of the north to mount a crusade against the Cathars, beginning the Albigensian Crusade. The Count of Toulouse, accused of heresy, and his principal vassal, the Vicomte of Trencavel, are the main target of this attack. On 1 August 1209, the Cité is beseiged by the crusaders. Raimond-Roger Trencavel surrenders quickly on the 15th of August in exchange for the lives of the citizens. The town around the Cité is destroyed, and the citizens driven out. The vicomte dies of dysentery in his own chateau on 10 November 1209.
His lands are given to Simon de Montfort, the leader of the crusaders. When he dies in 1218 at the siege of Toulouse, his son, Amaury de Montfort, takes possession of the Cité, but is unable to maintain it. He cedes it to Louis VIII of France, but Raymond VII of Toulouse and the counts of Foix ally themselves against him. In 1224, Raimond II Trencavel retakes the Cité. However, Louis VIII launches another crusade in 1226. From that time forth, the Cité becomes a royal domain. A period of terror ensues, with numerous massacres and the Inquisition.
After 1226, an additional line of fortifications was added outside of the Roman walls. The town was finally annexed to the kingdom of France in 1247 A.D. It provided a strong French frontier between France and the Crown of Aragon. During this period, the inner, Roman walls were largely demolished and replaced, while the new outer walls were reinforced and extended to the south. The new towers built during this work were mainly circular, but two were square. Construction continued into the reign of King Philip IV in the early 14th century.
In 1659, after the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the province of Roussillon became a part of France, and the town lost its military significance. Fortifications were abandoned and the town became one of the economic centres of France, concentrating on the woolen textile industry.
In 1849 the French government decided that the city fortifications should be demolished. This decision was strongly opposed by the local people. Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille and Prosper Mérimée, an eminent archaeologist and historian, led a campaign to preserve the fortress as a historical monument. The government later reversed its decision and in 1853 restoration work began. The architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was charged with renovating the fortress. Viollet-le-Duc's work was criticised during his lifetime as inappropriate to the climate and traditions of the region. After his death in 1879, the restoration work was continued by his pupil, Paul Boeswillwald, and later by the architect Nodet.
The citadel was restored at the end of the 19th century and in 1997 it was added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.
Centre Ville, Carcassonne, France
Some images from Centre Ville, the modern town center in Carcassonne in the south of France. Some from market day and some from regular days. :-)
The Medieval City of Carcassonne
Images of the medieval city of Carcassonne made in October 2012 and supplemented with photos of the city found on the Web. Music is from The Royal Fireworks by Georg Frederich Handel, performed by The Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment and the Freiburg Baroque Orchestra.
Carcassonne, France day 1 walking tour
The walled town of Carcassonne in the southwest corner of France is a beautifully-preserved medieval village with a castle in the center and narrow, winding cobblestone lanes. The whole place is like a castle because it surrounded by 2 concentric fortified walls and within the walls we find the small village, a half-mile across with original buildings preserved from the 15th century. It's an amazing town to visit, one of the most magical medieval villages you've ever seen. You'll see how easy it is to walk around inside the village and get a nice feeling for the history; and there's enough there that you could easily spend a day or two days just wandering in looking at the shops and then taking a walk in the little back lanes.
In this episode we will take you inside the castle then walk around the wall with a local guide, and bring you on walks through the streets of the Old Town. We will be showing you this old fortified town on top of the hill; then later we show you more, including the modern town down below, in part 2.
【K】France Travel-Carcassonne[프랑스 여행-카르카손]카르카손성/Castle of Carcassonne/Basilica of Saint Nazaire
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미디운하를 따라가다 보면 저 멀리 고성이 보인다. 카르카손 역사도시, 카르카손 성이다. 원추형 지붕을 이고 있는 탑들이 중세의 분위기를 물씬 풍긴다. 성 주변엔 해자가 둘러쳐져 있고 입구에는 이 성을 지키는데 기지를 발휘했다는 가공의 인물 카르카스의 동상이 세워져 있다. 성문을 들어서니 또 다른 성벽이 나온다. 이중성벽이다. 역사의 물결에 따라 수없이 주인이 바뀌었던 카르카손성. 13세기 프랑스 왕의 영토가 되면서 이중성벽을 쌓았다고 한다. 안쪽 성에 있는 작은 벽돌들은 로마시대의 흔적이란다. 성안의 한 건물. 관광객들이 빙 둘러 서 있는 이곳은 그 옛날 빗물을 받아서 저장했던 물탱크란다. 성의 남서쪽에는 생 나제르 성당이라고도 불리는 바실리카 성당이 있다. 로마네스크양식에 고딕양식이 첨가된 이 성당은 내부3면을 장식하고 있는 스테인드글라스가 유명하다.
[English: Google Translator]
Along the Canal du Midi it seems that this castle away. The historic city of Carcassonne, Carcassonne Castle. Towers and conical roofs are Blowout bringing the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. The tour around the castle moat chyeojyeo yen and the entrance is a statue of Castile carboxylic figures of processors that delivers the base jikineunde the castle is built. It entered the gates comes another wall. The double walls. Carcassonne castle had changed owners without depending on the tide of history. French territories in the 13th century as king and high built a double wall. Inside the small brick in the castle, but none of it's vestiges of the Roman era. Buildings of the castle. Here tourists are standing around Bing Miranda takes those old water tank that stores rainwater. Southwest Province has also called Cathedral Basilica of Saint-Nazaire Cathedral. The Romanesque-Gothic cathedral is famous is added to the stained glass that adorned the interior on three sides.
[French: Google Translator]
Le long du Canal du Midi, il semble que ce château de suite. La ville historique de Carcassonne, le château de Carcassonne. Towers et aux toits coniques sont Blowout apportant l'atmosphère du Moyen Age. Le tour du douves chyeojyeo yen et l'entrée se trouve une statue de Castille chiffres carboxyliques de processeurs qui fournit la base jikineunde est construit le château. Il est entré dans les portes vient un autre mur. Les doubles parois. Château de Carcassonne avait changé de propriétaires sans dépendre de la marée de l'histoire. Territoires français du 13e siècle comme roi et grand construit une double paroi. L'intérieur de la petite brique dans le château, mais aucun de ses vestiges de l'époque romaine. Bâtiments du château. Ici, les touristes sont debout autour de Bing Miranda prend ces vieux réservoir d'eau qui stocke l'eau de pluie. Province Sud-Ouest a également appelé Basilique cathédrale de Saint-Nazaire. La cathédrale romano-gothique est célèbre est ajouté à la vitraux qui ornaient l'intérieur sur trois côtés.
■클립명: 유럽120-프랑스12-12 카르카손성/Carcassonne/Castle of Carcassonne/Old Castle/Basilica of Saint Nazaire/Cathedral/Stained Glass/Chateau Comtal/Cathar Castle
■여행, 촬영, 편집, 원고: 김동훈 PD (travel, filming, editing, writing: KBS TV Producer)
■촬영일자: 2015년 4월 April
Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne (UNESCO/NHK)
Since the pre-Roman period, a fortified settlement has existed on the hill where Carcassonne now stands. In its present form it is an outstanding example of a medieval fortified town, with its massive defences encircling the castle and the surrounding buildings, its streets and its fine Gothic cathedral. Carcassonne is also of exceptional importance because of the lengthy restoration campaign undertaken by Viollet-le-Duc, one of the founders ...
Source: UNESCO TV / © NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai
Toulouse's Ancient Canal and Castle of Carcassonne
A quick visit to the ancient Canal du Midi in Toulouse, followed by the beautiful hilltop medieaval castle of Carcassonne, southern France. UNESCO World Heritage Sites. (September 2013).
( Music: Green Sun's The Second Birth)
Exploring Carcassonne, a 4th Century Castle in France
Beautiful cinematics through Carcassonne, a beautiful castle with amazing views, food, and history!
My family and I are Moving to France for 7 months.
This video is one of many as I hope to capture my experience throughout the next few months!
France Day 4 - Trip to Medieval City of Carcassonne - an eye opener
Day 4 of our trip to the south of France, after staying in our Airbnb in Lesparrou we took the hour-long drive through the foothills of the Pyrenees to the medieval city of Carcassonne where we walked all around the more modern city and along the canal, then up the hill to the medieval city - a real eye opener.
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A video snapshot of Carcassonne town - (Ville basse)
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La Cité by night, Carcassonne, France
The old town in Carcassonne in the south of France, the magnificent fortified Cité ... various snippets showing la Cité after dark.
Adventures Ashore: Sete, France - Carcassonne On Your Own
A new mini travel series in concert with Seabourn Cruises (seabourn.com) and Ralph Grizzle, the Avid Cruiser. (avidcruiser.com) These episodes will be playing as in-stateroom television fleet wide, educating and inspiring guests onboard.
24 episodes across 5 countries.
Music from Firstcom.com with rights.
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Chateau Comtal, Carcassonne, France
This is a video I made from various snippets I filmed while looking around the amazing Chateau Comtal, the fortress within a fortress in la Cité, the old town in Carcassonne in the south of France. A wonderful place, totally unmissable if you ever get the chance to visit there. :-)
Carcassonne, France: Inside the Cite Fortress
The medieval town had narrow, winding streets with interesting shops, old half-timbered houses, inquisition museums, torture chambers, and restaurants (heavy on cassoulet).
You could walk the ramparts, look down at the immense moat which made it a formidable internal fortress, and gawk at the arrow slits along with the different defenses used by the crusaders. On UNESCO's World Heritage Site, Carcassone's Cite is another don't miss in France.
Carcassonne : Carcassonne visit, guided tour, Aude, visite guidée
Une visite guidée de Carcassonne en anglais (sous titres en français). Découvrez l'histoire de cette cité médiévale, depuis son origine au 6ès AV JC jusqu'à aujourd'hui.
Merci à Meï Line, Dusk Light et Coline pour leur coup de main
A guided tour of Carcassonne in English .
Discover the history of this medieval city, from its origin (VI BC) until today
Thanks to Meï Line, Dusk Light and Coline for their help
Leave us plenty of comments about the places you would like to see and always ask yourself : voulez vous coucher avec...Carcassonne ?
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CIUDAD MEDIEVAL | CARCASSONNE | Francia | Aloha Mundo
¡Aloha viajer@s! Bienvenidos a la Ciudad Medieval de Carcassonne. Acompáñennos a descubrirla ;)
Esperamos que lo disfruten y no olviden suscribirse. ¡Gracias por acompañarnos!
- Diciembre 2017 -
Turismo en Carcassonne:
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Carcassonne Part 1 - Exploring La Cite, Eating Cassoulet, and Medieval Jousting!
Video #8: Shot on August 17th 2018
Wow....So much to say Carcassonne. If you like anything middle ages, medieval architecture, or just really cool small labyrinth cobblestone roads that you can lose yourself in...Carcassonne is that city.
The first day we had to carry all of luggage with us for the weekend since we couldn't check into our AirBnB until 7:00pm. It was a long day where we walked probably close to 10 miles. We had our first taste of Cassoulet, which is a regional dish, and it's very hearty and tasty. If you ever find yourself in this region you must try Cassoulet.
We saw a medieval jousting/performance. It was called the Tournois de Chevalerie. My video does not do the performance justice. The actors were really going at it, taking real hard hits and they had some awesome choreography. I was sitting a little too far away to get good video (I wish I was sitting in the center). I also missed some really awesome horse tricks at the end. My battery was getting low so I wanted to conserve it for the rest of the day. I guess I will have them for my own personal memories =p. Maybe Maggie will upload a few photos of the trick riding on her instagram: instagram.com/cogswell_creations/
Just walking along the outer ramparts and peering out upon the city was really cool. It almost made me feel like a medieval archer just guarding the fortress from invaders. There is about 3km of ramparts to walk along, and 52 towers . Also, take note of the architecture. You will notice that there are different types of architecture of the fortress since it was built and rebuilt throughout a long period of time. Originally it was built around 100BC by the Romans and changed hands many times by different viscounts and kings. Eventually it became part of the Kingdom of France in 1247. Also another fun fact was that the Catholic Inquisition took place here and one of the towers is known as The Inquisition Tower.
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Um final de semana em Carcassonne
Vlog #FláNaEuropa ! Um final de semana em Carcassonne, interior da França comigo. Muita comida, castelo e muralha. Espero que vocês gostem e se quiserem mais mais fotos e dicas, é só acessar o blog:
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