Meet Little Rock
Situated on the Arkansas River, Little Rock is home to a thriving New South culture that offers a vibrant nightlife, big-time entertainment, world-class attractions and a booming dining scene with the best Arkansas restaurants serving up dishes from all over the globe. The fact that we're one of the top Arkansas vacation spots and among America's most affordable cities means you can have fun and keep your money in your pocket.
Little Rock has a big role in history and looks to the future. Learn about Central High School's place in the civil rights movement, explore the Clinton Presidential Center and imagine a world free of hunger and poverty at the Heifer Village.
If you're the outdoorsy type, lace up your running shoes or hop on your bicycle and cruise the Arkansas River Trail -- it features more than 15 miles of scenic riverfront and one of the longest pedestrian and bicycle bridges in America.
Come visit one of the most popular Arkansas vacation spots and see what Little Rock is all about. You'll leave with a new idea of what a southern city can do.
My Crisis at Little Rock Central High School - by Robert Kelly-Goss
All Together Now: Stories of Civil and Human Rights. Elizabeth City, NC.
This story was made in a workshop facilitated by the Center for Digital Storytelling (
Integration of Central High School in Little Rock Arkansas
In 1957, the Central high school becomes the battleground for school desegregation. Nine black students became forever known as the Little Rock Nine. The governor, Orval Faubus sent the troops to surround the school and only let the white students in.
Little Rock: Central High School
Little Rock Central High School (LRCHS) is a public high school in Little Rock, Arkansas. Central High School was the site of forced school desegregation after the US Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional. This was during the period of heightened activism in the Civil Rights Movement.
Central can trace its origins to 1869 when the Sherman School operated in a wooden structure at 8th and Sherman streets. In 1905, the city founded Little Rock High School at the intersection of 14th and Cumberland streets. At the time only white students were enrolled.
In 1927 at a cost of US$1.5 million, the city completed construction on the nation's largest and most expensive high school facility, which remains in use today. In 1953 with the construction of Hall High School, the school was renamed as Little Rock Central High School.
LRCHS was the focal point of the Little Rock Integration Crisis of 1957. Nine Black students, known as the Little Rock Nine, were denied entrance to the school in defiance of the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling ordering integration of public schools. This provoked a showdown between the Governor Orval Faubus and President Dwight D. Eisenhower that gained international attention.
On the morning of September 23, 1957, the nine Black high school students faced an angry mob of over 1,000 Whites in front of Central High School who were protesting the integration project. As the students were escorted inside by the Little Rock police, violence escalated, and they were removed from the school. The next day, President Dwight D. Eisenhower ordered the 1,200-man 327th Airborne Battle Group of the U.S. Army's 101st Airborne Division from Fort Campbell, Kentucky, to escort the nine students into the school. By the same order, he federalized the entire 10,000-man Arkansas National Guard, in order to remove them from the control of Governor Faubus. At nearby Camp Robinson, a hastily organized Task Force 153rd Infantry drew guardsmen from units all over the state. Most of the Arkansas Guard was quickly demobilized, but the ad hoc TF153Inf assumed control at Thanksgiving when the 327th withdrew, and patrolled inside and outside the school for the remainder of the school year. As Melba Pattillo Beals, one of the nine students, wrote in her diary, After three full days inside Central [High School], I know that integration is a much bigger word than I thought.
This event, watched by the nation and world, was the site of the first important test for the implementation of the U.S. Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision of 1954. Many areas of the South pledged to resist this ruling. Arkansas' governor Orval Faubus questioned the authority of the federal court system and the validity of desegregation. The crisis at Little Rock's Central High School was the first fundamental test of the national resolve to enforce black civil rights in the face of massive resistance during the years following the Brown decision. As to whether Eisenhower's specific actions to enforce integration violated the Posse Comitatus Act, the Supreme Court, in Cooper v. Aaron (1958), indirectly affirmed the legality of his conduct. It was never expressly reviewed.
In 1958, federal Judge Jesse Smith Henley of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas, stating that integration had broken down under the pressure of public opinion, suspended operation of the federal integration order until the 1960-61 school term. The school board said that it had faced large fees and could not afford to hire security guards to keep the peace in school.
In 2007, Central High School held an event for the 50th Anniversary of the Little Rock Nine entering Central. On September 24, 2007, a new museum was opened honoring the Little Rock Nine. That same year, HBO produced a documentary film directed by the Renaud Brothers, Little Rock Central: 50 Years Later, which explored the significant changes and continuities within the school since its desegregation.
Today, the high school is minority-majority. The racial breakdown of the school is 2017 was 55% Black, 33% White, 7% Asian, 4% Hispanic, and 1% two or more races.
Meet Little Rock.wmv
Little Rock, situated on the Arkansas River, is surrounded by the state's natural beauty. The vibrant metropolitan area became a global destination in 2004 with the opening of the William J. Clinton Presidential Center. Coupled with the world headquarters and Global Village of Heifer International, the River Market entertainment district, Historic Central High, historic and cultural attractions, quaint neighborhood shopping and a myriad of entertainment options, Little Rock is fast becoming the South's best destination.
Little Rock Nine
The Little Rock Nine became an integral part of the fight for equal opportunity in American education when they dared to challenge segregation in public schools by enrolling at the all-white Central High School in 1957. Learn more about the Little Rock Nine with the Library Research Guide.
Teachers on strike line sidewalk at Central High School in Little Rock
Latest on teacher strike: arkansasonline.com/teacherstrike/
(Video by Tony Holt)
www.businesslittlerock.com - Little Rock Central High School,ARKANSAS
The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower.
The decision declared all laws establishing segregated schools to be unconstitutional, and it called for the desegregation of all schools throughout the nation. After the decision, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) attempted to register black students in previously all-white schools in cities throughout the South. In Little Rock, the capital city of Arkansas, the Little Rock School Board agreed to comply with the high court's ruling. Virgil Blossom, the Superintendent of Schools, submitted a plan of gradual integration to the school board on May 24, 1955, which the board unanimously approved. The plan would be implemented during the fall of the 1957 school year, which would begin in September 1957. By 1957, the NAACP had registered nine black students to attend the previously all-white Little Rock Central High, selected on the criteria of excellent grades and attendance.
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Little Rock- School Integration
LCV Cities Tour - Little Rock:Integration at North Little Rock High School
While much of the story has focused on the Little Rock 9 and Central High, on the other side of the Arkansas River, Civil Rights leaders and African-American students were trying to integrate another white high school in this area. We take you to North Little Rock High to hear from historian Cary Bradburn and Richard Lindsey -- one of the students who tried to attend the school -- about this lesser known -- but important battle in the Civil Rights movement.
African American students leave Little Rock Central School and get into a station...HD Stock Footage
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African American students leave Little Rock Central School and get into a station wagon in Arkansas.
African American students leave Little Rock Central High School during time of forced school desegregation in the American Civil Rights Movement.. They get into a station wagon. The car moves preceded by a jeep with Army guard of Operation Arkansas. Location: Arkansas United States. Date: October 21, 1957.
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Little Rock, Arkansas
The documentary analyzes the local movement that was provoked by the integration of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas and explores the impact it had on the Civil Rights Movement. This event helps to illuminate themes within the civil rights movement such as the idea of mass resistance and racial and class oppression. It also reveals the political nature of the movement as it can be concluded that change can only occur in society when people change themselves.
The Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case of 1954 overturned Plessy v Ferguson and provided a legal course through which racially discriminating acts, especially in public schools, could be dispelled. This decision served as a catalyst that triggered massive resistance throughout the south to school desegregation.
In wake of the Brown decision, Little Rock became a component of the mass resistance wave plaguing the nation as Virgil Blossom introduced his three phase plan for desegregation in 1955. Brown II ordered that desegregation should take place “with all deliberate speed”, not immediately, and Blossom took full advantage of this flaw. The Little Rock crisis helped prove the statement “The courts can’t change how white people think about blacks, they have to change themselves” to be true. Similar resistance techniques were used in Norfolk Virginia following the Brown decision which supports the idea that resistance to federal law was not only being done in the south, but all over the United States.
The Governor of Little Rock, Orval Faubus, contributed to this mass resistance to federal law when he ordered the Arkansas National Guard to disallow entry of the nine black students set to attend Central High School in 1957. The governor justified his actions by claiming that protection against potential violence was necessary. Political pressure caused by the re-election campaign forced Faubus to side with segregationists, if he wished to maintain his position, and do whatever means necessary for segregation to remain. His actions delayed the desegregation of Central High School until President Eisenhower and the federal government became involved.
The local movement to resist the integration of Central High School captured the attention of the federal government. On September 23rd President Eisenhower promised to use the full power of the United States including whatever force may be necessary to prevent any obstruction of the law and to carry out the orders of the Federal Court. As a result of federal support, Central High School became one of the first school’s to adhere to the desegregation rules stated by the Brown decision and it was among the first cases where Brown v. Board of Education was implemented. The political power no longer lied within the hands of white segregationists or the state of Arkansas, it was in the hands of the national government due to the fact that the interposition approach by Arkansas officials was compromised. Eisenhower becoming an active component in the integration of Central High School enforced future plans of integration in other areas following the Little Rock Crisis in 1957.
The Little Rock crisis was a result of class and racial equality, two of the main themes of the civil rights movement. The hierarchy of class within the city would be compromised if black students were able to attend the same schools as white. The equal opportunity of blacks was perceived by whites as being detrimental to their society. There would be a division of power among the classes as blacks could rise to the top. Futures of white children could have been in danger, jobs, and even lives. The massive resistance to desegregate was based on white fear that African Americans would gain too much power within society and they did whatever they could to make sure that does not happen. The same fear is displayed through the use of Jim Crow laws and various events of inequality throughout the Civil Rights Movement.
The fear of racial change and racial assumption drove the agendas of elite white males such as Virgil Blossom and Governor Faubus, of Little Rock Arkansas, to maintain their social position in the racial and class hierarchy. The Little Rock Crisis and integration of Central High School had significant influence on the future of the Civil Rights Movement because it was one of the first situations where Brown v. Board of Education was implemented and with support of the President, the law of the land took precedence.
Students walk out at Central High School in Little Rock
The Little Rock 9 - Arkansas 1957
Little Rock 9 - 50th Anniversary
On September 24, 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Executive Order 10730. The order federalized the Arkansas National Guard and ordered the Secretary of Defense to employ the Arkansas soldiers as well as federal troops to enforce a federal district court order in Little Rock, Arkansas. Within hours 1,000 soldiers of the 327th Airborne Battle Group of the 101st Airborne Division deployed to Little Rock from their base in Kentucky.
The following morning, troops from the 327th surrounded Little Rock Central High School while a small detachment went to pick up nine neatly dressed black teenagers. After a short drive, the soldiers and their charges reached the school. Staring straight ahead the youngsters formed a single file and, surrounded by some of America's best soldiers carrying rifles with bayonets fixed, they marched through a jeering crowd into the school to begin the fall term after two previous failed attempts. As the nation and much of the world watched, Central High School became desegregated. The 14th amendment to the United States Constitution, which mandates that no American will be deprived of the equal protection of the laws, had been upheld.
This video is An interview with Mr. Ernest Green, of the original Little Rock 9.
Les neuf de Little Rock
Description : Documentaire retraçant l'histoire des neufs de little Rock, groupe d'élèves afro-américains (six filles et trois garçons) inscrits à la Little Rock Central High School qui furent empêchés d'étudier par les partisans de la ségrégation raciale en 1957. Sept ans après, le film revient sur le parcours de ces étudiants et sur l'évolution de la politique raciale américaine. Jefferson Thomas, un des neuf, apparaît comme un fil rouge tout le long du documentaire.
Date : 1964-00-00
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Little Rock, Arkansas High School Integration 221300-10.mp4 | Footage Farm
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Troops patrol Little Rock Central High School during Operation Arkansas re Integration 29Sep & 2Oct 1957
Four Black girls out of US Army station wagon outside school, w/ military jeep & soldiers escorting. Journalists interviewing man, one w/ microphone. Troops standing behind w/ bayonets on rifles. MCU Major General Edwin G. Walker talking w/ Col. Wiliam A. Kuhn, CO, 1st Airborne Battle Grp, 101st Airborne. Walker into jeep w/ driver & drive off.
10:14:34 Airborne troops march down street, fix bayonets & march up. Pennant on pole w/ troops running past at double time. Troops w/ field kitchen behind High School; white girls playing softball (?) behind.
Troops served in chow line, eating. Two GIs patrol along street - escort black girl students to station wagon.
10:17:01 Troops stand guard, white students walking into school behind barrier. US Army station wagon pulls up w/ black students, escorted into school as whites watch from entrance steps. Exterior school - sign Little Rock Central High School, soldiers on guard at doors, tilt up to waving students at window. Troops march up steps towards camera; down steps away from camera.
10:19:13 Walker & Kuhn talk in front of High School. Sign on jeep: Above the Rest. 1st ABN Bat. 327th Inf. Gen. Walker gets into jeep, leaves. Soldiers in two jeeps leaving.
10:20:10 Soldiers march along street, rear view as soldiers jog in double time along sidewalk on residential street. Troops running up street away from camera. CU (head chopped off) as soldier fixes bayonet - standing guard. Various shots National Guard marching around campus. GI reading newspaper while sitting on grandstand, others playing cards. Pan across field kitchen w/ soldiers sitting under trees outside National Guard Armory Building.
10:22:52 Two jeeps escorting station wagon & girls getting in, High School behind. Drive past.
Historic Central High School and Little Rock Nine
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LITTLE ROCK - Opening Night
HISTORY CALLED IT HEROISM. THEY CALLED IT HIGH SCHOOL.
LITTLE ROCK tells the riveting true story of the Little Rock Nine, the first black students to attend their city’s formerly segregated central high school. What began as their quest for a better education soon became a national crisis, igniting the passions of a divided country and sparking a historic fight for justice in the Jim Crow South. On the cusp of the Civil Rights Movement, a changing world watched as these nine children from Arkansas battled for their rights with only a book and pencil. At once harrowing and hopeful, LITTLE ROCK brings urgently to life the Nine’s untold personal stories of challenge and resilience, conjuring memories of America not so long ago. From writer and director Rajendra Ramoon Maharaj, this deeply moving play honors the bravery of these young heroes and asks audiences: Would you have had the courage?
Little Rock Vlog
Welcome or welcome back to my channel. My family I went to Little Rock Arkansas. I had a lot of fun making the video and hoped you enjoyed watching it.????
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